Frequent Urination

MedicineNet - Frequent Urination

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Excessive urination, or urinary frequency, can be divided into subcategories. The first would be related to an increase in total volume of urine produces (also known as polyuria). Second, there can be dysfunction in voiding whereby there are problems with the storage and emptying of urine. Finally, there may be urinary incontinence in which there is involuntary loss of urine.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/11/2014

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REFERENCE:

Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

Causes of Frequent Urination
    • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. This noncancerous enlargement...learn more »
      In This Article
      Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Article
      • Benign prostatic hyperplasia facts
      • What is the prostate gland?
      • How does the doctor detect prostate enlargement?
      • What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
      • When does benign prostatic hyperplasia start?
      • What happens in BPH? What are symptoms of BPH?
      • How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
      • Is BPH a type of cancer?
      • Is BPH always treated?
      • How is BPH treated?
      • Are there other noncancerous prostate problems?
      • Can prostate problems be prevented?
    • Bladder Cancer Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the grade of the tumor, and the type of bladder cancer. Options...learn more »
      In This Article
      Bladder Cancer Article
      • Bladder Cancer Facts
      • What is the bladder?
      • What are the layers of the bladder?
      • What is bladder cancer?
      • What is the burden of bladder cancer in the U.S.?
      • What are the types of bladder cancer?
      • What are bladder cancer causes and risk factors?
      • What are bladder cancer symptoms and signs?
      • How is bladder cancer diagnosed?
      • How is bladder cancer staging determined?
      • What is bladder cancer grading?
      • What is transurethral surgery or "TURBT" for bladder cancer?
      • What is the treatment for superficial bladder cancer?
      • What is surveillance for bladder cancer?
      • What is the treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer?
      • What is chemotherapy for bladder cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for bladder cancer?
      • Can bladder cancer be prevented?
      • Where can people find more information on bladder cancer?
      • What research is being done on bladder cancer?
    • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
      In This Article
      Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
      • What is a bladder infection?
      • What causes bladder infections?
      • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
      • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
      • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
      • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
      • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
      • Can bladder infections be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
    • Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Article
      • What is congestive heart failure (CHF)?
      • What causes congestive heart failure?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
      • What are the risk factors for congestive heart failure?
      • How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for congestive heart failure?
      • Lifestyle modifications
      • What is the prognosis for congestive heart failure?
      • Can congestive heart failure be prevented?
    • Cystocele A cystocele is also known as a fallen or prolapsed bladder. Heavy lifting and straining may cause a cystocele, which causes urine...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cystocele Article
      • Cystocele facts*
      • What is a cystocele?
      • What causes a cystocele?
      • How is a cystocele diagnosed?
      • How is a cystocele treated?
      • Where can people find more information about prolapsed bladders?
    • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
      • Diabetes facts
      • What is diabetes?
      • What is the impact of diabetes?
      • What causes diabetes?
      • What are the different types of diabetes?
      • Type 1 diabetes
      • Type 2 diabetes
      • Other types of diabetes
      • What are diabetes symptoms?
      • How is diabetes diagnosed?
      • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
      • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
      • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
      • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
    • Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which the patient has frequent urination. Symptoms of diabetes insipidus include irritable,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diabetes Insipidus Article
      • Diabetes insipidus facts*
      • What is diabetes insipidus, and what are the symptoms of the condition?
      • What is the difference between diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus?
      • How is fluid in the body normally regulated?
      • What are the types of diabetes insipidus?
      • How is diabetes insipidus diagnosed?
      • For more information about diabetes insipidus
    • Diabetic Neuropathy Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes that causes damage to the nerves; this is related to the blood glucose of the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Diabetic Neuropathy Article
      • Diabetic neuropathy facts
      • What is diabetic neuropathy?
      • What are the types of diabetic neuropathy?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of diabetic neuropathy?
      • How is diabetic neuropathy diagnosed?
      • What are treatments for diabetic neuropathy?
      • What are self-care measures to help relieve diabetic neuropathy?
      • Can diabetic neuropathy be prevented?
    • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
      In This Article
      Fibromyalgia Article
      • Fibromyalgia facts
      • What is fibromyalgia?
      • What causes fibromyalgia?
      • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
      • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
      • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
      • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
      • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
      • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
      • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
      • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
      • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
      • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
    • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
      In This Article
      Head and Neck Cancer Article
      • Head and neck cancer facts*
      • What is cancer?
      • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
      • How common are head and neck cancers?
      • What causes head and neck cancers?
      • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
      • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
      • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
      • How are head and neck cancers treated?
      • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
      • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
      • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
      • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
    • Interstitial Cystitis Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that can cause ulceration and bleeding of the bladder's...learn more »
      In This Article
      Interstitial Cystitis Article
      • Interstitial cystitis facts
      • Overview of urinary function
      • What is interstitial cystitis (IC)?
      • What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis?
      • How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment of interstitial cystitis?
      • Are lifestyle modifications of value in the management of interstitial cystitis?
      • Are there any special concerns about interstitial cystitis?
      • What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
    • Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) usually is caused from bacteria that have spread from the bladder from a UTI (urinary tract...learn more »
      In This Article
      Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) Article
      • Kidney infection facts
      • What is the function of the kidneys?
      • Where are the kidneys located?
      • What is a kidney infection?
      • What are the causes of kidney infection?
      • What are risk factors for kidney and urinary tract infection?
      • Is screening recommended for UTI or kidney infection?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney infection?
      • How is kidney infection diagnosed?
      • What are different types of kidney infection?
      • What are the common bacteria that cause kidney infections?
      • What is the treatment for kidney infection?
      • Are there foods I should avoid if I have a kidney infection?
      • Can kidney infection be prevented?
    • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Kidney Stones Article
      • What is a kidney stone?
      • What causes kidney stones?
      • What are the different types of kidney stones?
      • Who is at risk for kidney stones?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
      • How are kidney stones diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for kidney stones?
      • What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
      • Can kidney stones be prevented?
    • Multiple Myeloma Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that develops in plasma cells, the white blood cells that make antibodies. Symptoms include...learn more »
      In This Article
      Multiple Myeloma Article
      • What is multiple myeloma?
      • What causes multiple myeloma?
      • What are risk factors for multiple myeloma?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma?
      • How is multiple myeloma diagnosed?
      • What are the stages of multiple myeloma?
      • What is the treatment for multiple myeloma?
      • What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma?
      • What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
    • Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results...learn more »
      In This Article
      Multiple Sclerosis Article
      • What is multiple sclerosis?
      • What causes multiple sclerosis?
      • What are the risk factors for developing multiple sclerosis?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
      • What are the different types of multiple sclerosis?
      • How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment of multiple sclerosis?
      • What is the prognosis and life expectancy with multiple sclerosis?
      • Can multiple sclerosis be prevented?
      • What research is being done on multiple sclerosis?
    • Overactive Bladder Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate...learn more »
      In This Article
      Overactive Bladder Article
      • Overactive bladder facts
      • What is an overactive bladder?
      • What are the causes of overactive bladder?
      • Are there any risk factors for overactive bladder?
      • What are symptoms of an overactive bladder?
      • How is overactive bladder diagnosed?
      • What are treatments for an overactive bladder?
      • What is the role of medications in treating overactive bladder?
      • What are treatments for the chronically incontinent?
      • What measures can be taken at home to prevent overactive bladder symptoms?
      • What are some of the complications of overactive bladder?
      • What is the prognosis for overactive bladder?
    • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Parkinson's Disease Article
      • Parkinson's disease facts
      • What is Parkinson's disease?
      • What causes Parkinson's disease?
      • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
      • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
      • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
      • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
      • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
      • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
      • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of Parkinson's disease?
    • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
      • Pregnancy facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
      • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
      • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
      • How will my baby develop week by week?
      • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
      • Body aches
      • Breast changes
      • Constipation
      • Dizziness
      • Fatigue, sleep problems
      • Heartburn and indigestion
      • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
      • Itching
      • Leg cramps
      • Morning sickness
      • Nasal problems
      • Numb or tingling hands
      • Stretch marks, skin changes
      • Swelling
      • Urinary frequency and leaking
      • Varicose veins
    • Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, but some common symptoms include mood changes, headaches, lower back pain,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy Symptoms (Am I Pregnant?) Article
      • 8 fast pregnancy symptoms facts
      • Pregnancy symptoms in general
      • 13 signs and symptoms of early pregnancy
      • 8 signs and symptoms of later pregnancy
      • 8 options for relief of pregnancy symptoms
    • Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Prostate Cancer Article
      • Prostate cancer facts*
      • What is prostate cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?
      • How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
      • Prostate cancer biopsy
      • The accuracy of the PSA test
      • What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
      • What are the stages of prostate cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?
      • What are the treatment options for prostate cancer?
      • Watchful waiting
      • Surgery
      • Radiation therapy
      • Cryotherapy
      • Hormonal therapy
      • Chemotherapy
      • Immunotherapy
      • Targeted therapy
      • Bisphosphonates
      • Monoclonal antibody therapy
      • Radiopharmaceuticals
      • Research techniques
      • Complementary and alternative care approaches
      • Prostate cancer prevention
    • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stroke Article
      • Stroke facts
      • What is a stroke?
      • What are the different types of stroke?
      • What causes a stroke?
      • What are the risk factors for stroke?
      • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
      • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
      • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
      • How is a stroke diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for stroke?
      • What is the prognosis for stroke?
      • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
      • What is stroke rehabilitation?
      • Can strokes be prevented?
    • Urinary Incontinence There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress...learn more »
      In This Article
      Urinary Incontinence Article
      • Urinary incontinence (UI) in men facts*
      • Urinary incontinence (UI) introduction
      • What causes urinary incontinence (UI) in men?
      • How is urinary incontinence (UI) diagnosed?
      • How is urinary incontinence (UI) treated?
      • How do you do Kegel exercises?
      • Hope through research
      • For more information
    • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. E. coli, a type of bacteria that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) Article
      • What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
      • What causes a urinary tract infection?
      • What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
      • When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
      • How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
      • Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
      • What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
      • What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
      • Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
      • What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
Other Causes of Frequent Urination

Increased Urinary Volume:

  • Diabetes Insipidus (Central)
  • Diabetes Insipidus (Nephrogenic)
  • Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 or Type 2)
  • Excessive Intake of a High Solute Load (Such As Mannitol Therapy in the Hospital, or Use of Radiocontrast Materials for Radiology Procedures)
  • Salt Wasting Kidney Diseases (Such As Bartter Syndrome)
  • Excessive Fluid Intake
  • Use of Diuretics

Voiding Dysfunction

Urinary Incontinence in Women

  • Anatomical Abnormalities
  • Overactive Bladder (Also Called Urge Incontinence, Which Can Be Result From Infection, Bladder Infection or Cystitis, Bladder Tumors, or Neurogenic Bladder)
  • Psychological Factors
  • Stress Incontinence (Which May Be Related to Pregnancy, Estrogen Deficiency, or Pelvic Surgery)

Urinary Incontinence in Men

  • Damage From Prostate Surgery
  • Infections
  • Neurogenic Bladders
  • Prostate Hypertrophy

Urinary Incontinence in the Elderly

Medications (Both Prescription and Nonprescription)

Examples of Medications for Frequent Urination


Symptoms & Signs A-Z List



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