October 9, 2015
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(Acid Reflux, Heartburn)

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GERD (acid reflux) facts

  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid content of the stomach backs up into the esophagus.
  • The cause of GERD is complex and may involve multiple causes.
  • GERD may damage the lining of the esophagus, thereby causing inflammation (esophagitis), although this is uncommon.
  • The symptoms of uncomplicated GERD include:
  • Complications of GERD include:
    • ulcers and strictures of the esophagus,
    • Barrett's esophagus,
    • cough and asthma,
    • throat and laryngeal inflammation,
    • inflammation and infection of the lungs, and
    • a collection of fluid in the sinuses and middle ear.
  • GERD may be diagnosed or evaluated by a variety of procedures and tests.
  • GERD is treated with life-style changes, diet, over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs (for example, antacids, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), pro-motility drugs), and surgery.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/8/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com

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