In this Article
- Gastroparesis facts
- What is gastroparesis?
- What causes gastroparesis?
- What are gastroparesis symptoms and signs?
- How is gastroparesis diagnosed?
- How is gastroparesis treated?
- What is the prognosis (long-term outcome) for patients with gastroparesis?
- What's new in gastroparesis?
- Find a local Gastroenterologist in your town
What are gastroparesis symptoms and signs?
The primary symptoms of gastroparesis are nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms of gastroparesis include bloating with or without abdominal distension, early satiety (feeling full quickly when eating), and in severe cases, weight loss due to a reduced intake of food because of the symptoms. Abdominal pain also is present frequently though the cause of the pain is unclear. Reduced intake of food and restriction of the types of food that are eaten can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
The vomiting of gastroparesis usually occurs after meals; however, with severe gastroparesis, vomiting may occur without eating due simply to the accumulation of secretions in the stomach. The characteristic vomiting happens several hours after a meal when the stomach is maximally distended by the presence of food and secretions stimulated by the meal. Since the grinding action of the stomach is absent, the vomited food often contains larger pieces and is easily recognized. (Contrast this with the more common type of vomiting in which the food appears as small, uniform, unidentifiable particles.)
Other, less frequent effects of gastroparesis are the promotion of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and malnutrition.
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