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Gentak

Last reviewed on RxList: 1/31/2017
Drug Description

GENTAK®
(gentamicin sulfate) Ophthalmic Ointment USP, 0.3% Sterile

DESCRIPTION

GENTAK® Gentamicin sulfate is a water soluble antibiotic of the aminoglycoside group.

Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic ointment is a sterile ointment for ophthalmic use. Each gram contains gentamicin sulfate equivalent to 3 mg gentamicin in a base of white petrolatum and mineral oil, with methylparaben and propylparaben as preservatives.

Gentamicin is obtained from cultures of Micromonospora purpurea. It is a mixture of the sulfate salts of gentamicin C1, C2, and C1A. All three components appear to have similar antimicrobial activities. Gentamicin sulfate occurs as a white to buff powder and is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. The structural formula is as follows:

 GENTAK® (Gentamicin Sulfate) Structural Formula Illustration

For Consumers

What are the possible side effects of gentamicin ophthalmic (Garamycin Ophthalmic, Gentak, Gentasol, Ocu-Mycin)?

Serious side effects are not expected to occur during treatment with this medication.

Commonly, some eye burning, stinging, irritation, itching, redness, blurred vision, eyelid itching, eyelid swelling, or sensitivity to light may occur.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at...

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic ointment is indicated in the topical treatment of ocular bacterial infections including conjunctivitis, keratitis, keratoconjunctivitis, corneal ulcers, blepharitis, blepharonconjunctivitis, acute meibomianitis, and dacryocystitis, caused by susceptible strains of the following microorganisms:

Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Serratia marcescens.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Apply a small amount (approximately 1/2 inch ribbon) of ointment to the affected eye(s) two or three times a day.

HOW SUPPLIED

GENTAK® Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic ointment USP, 0.3% is supplied in 3.5 g tube, box of one.
(NDC 17478-284-35)

Storage

Store at 2° to 30°C (36° to 86°F).

Manufactured by: Akorn, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045. Rev. 09/08.

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

Bacterial and fungal corneal ulcers have developed during treatment with gentamicin ophthalmic preparations.

The most frequently reported adverse reactions are ocular burning and irritation upon drug instillation, non-specific conjunctivitis, conjunctival epithelial defects and conjunctival hyperemia.

Other adverse reactions which have occurred rarely are allergic reactions, thrombocytopenic purpura and hallucinations.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No information provided.

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

NOT FOR INJECTION INTO THE EYE.

Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic ointment is not for injection. It should never be injected subconjunctivally, nor should it be directly introduced into the anterior chamber of the eye.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Prolonged use of topical antibiotics may give rise to overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms including fungi. Bacterial resistance to gentamicin may also develop. If purulent discharge, inflammation or pain becomes aggravated, the patient should discontinue use of the medication and consult a physician.

If irritation or hypersensitivity to any component of the drug develops, the patient should discontinue use of this preparation and appropriate therapy should be instituted.

Ophthalmic ointments may retard corneal healing.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

There are no published carcinogenicity or impairment of fertility studies on gentamicin. Aminoglycoside antibiotics have been found to be non-mutagenic.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C. Gentamicin has been shown to depress body weights, kidney weights and median glomerular counts in newborn rats when administered systemically to pregnant rats in daily doses approximately 500 times the maximum recommended ophthalmic human dose. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Gentamicin should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in neonates have not been established.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No information provided.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Gentamicin sulfate ophthalmic ointment is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the components.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Microbiology

Gentamicin sulfate is active in vitro against many strains of the following microorganisms:

Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Serratia marcescens.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

To avoid contamination, do not touch tip of container to the eye, eyelid or any surface.

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