April 23, 2017
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Genvoya

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Genvoya

GENVOYA®
(elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide) Tablets

WARNING

LACTIC ACIDOSIS/SEVERE HEPATOMEGALY WITH STEATOSIS and POST TREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B

Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis, including fatal cases, have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs in combination with other antiretrovirals [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

GENVOYA is not approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the safety and efficacy of GENVOYA have not been established in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and HBV. Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and have discontinued products containing emtricitabine and/or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and may occur with discontinuation of GENVOYA. Hepatic function should be monitored closely with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and discontinue GENVOYA. If appropriate, initiation of anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

DRUG DESCRIPTION

GENVOYA (elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide) is a fixed-dose combination tablet containing elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide for oral administration.

  • Elvitegravir is an HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor.
  • Cobicistat is a mechanism-based inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes of the CYP3A family.
  • Emtricitabine, a synthetic nucleoside analog of cytidine, is an HIV nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor (HIV NRTI).
  • Tenofovir alafenamide, an HIV NRTI, is converted in vivo to tenofovir, an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate (nucleotide) analog of adenosine 5'-monophosphate.

Each tablet contains 150 mg of elvitegravir, 150 mg of cobicistat, 200 mg of emtricitabine, and 10 mg of tenofovir alafenamide (equivalent to 11.2 mg of tenofovir alafenamide fumarate). The tablets include the following inactive ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, hydroxypropyl cellulose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, silicon dioxide, and sodium lauryl sulfate. The tablets are film-coated with a coating material containing FD&C Blue No. 2/indigo carmine aluminum lake, iron oxide yellow, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, and titanium dioxide.

Elvitegravir: The chemical name of elvitegravir is 6-(3-chloro-2-fluorobenzyl)-1-[(2S)-1-hydroxy-3-methylbutan-2-yl]-7-methoxy-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid.

It has a molecular formula of C23H23ClFNO5 and a molecular weight of 447.88. It has the following structural formula:

Elvitegravir - Structural Formula Illustration

Elvitegravir is a white to pale yellow powder with a solubility of less than 0.3 micrograms per mL in water at 20 °C.

Cobicistat: The chemical name for cobicistat is 2,7,10,12-tetraazatridecanoic acid, 12-methyl-13-[2-(1-methylethyl)-4-thiazolyl]-9-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-8,11-dioxo-3,6-bis(phenylmethyl)-, 5-thiazolylmethyl ester, (3R,6R,9S)-.

It has a molecular formula of C40H53N7O5S2 and a molecular weight of 776.02. It has the following structural formula:

Cobicistat - Structural Formula Illustration

Cobicistat is adsorbed onto silicon dioxide. Cobicistat on silicon dioxide drug substance is a white to pale yellow powder with a solubility of 0.1 mg per mL in water at 20 °C.

Emtricitabine: The chemical name of emtricitabine is 4-amino-5-fluoro-1-(2R-hydroxymethyl-1,3-oxathiolan-5S-yl)-(1H)-pyrimidin-2-one. Emtricitabine is the (-)-enantiomer of a thio analog of cytidine, which differs from other cytidine analogs in that it has a fluorine in the 5 position.

It has a molecular formula of C8H10FN3O3S and a molecular weight of 247.24. It has the following structural formula:

Emtricitabine - Structural Formula Illustration

Emtricitabine is a white to off-white powder with a solubility of approximately 112 mg per mL in water at 25 °C.

Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF): The chemical name of tenofovir alafenamide fumarate drug substance is L-alanine, N-[(S)-[[(1R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-methylethoxy]methyl]phenoxyphosphinyl]-, 1-methylethyl ester, (2E)-2-butenedioate (2:1).

It has an empirical formula of C21H29O5N6P•½(C4H4O4) and a formula weight of 534.5. It has the following structural formula:

Tenofovir alafenamide - Structural Formula Illustration

Tenofovir alafenamide fumarate is a white to off-white or tan powder with a solubility of 4.7 mg per mL in water at 20 °C.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/10/2017
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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