GERD in Infants and Children (cont.)
In this Article
- GERD and Acid Reflux in Infants and Children Introduction
- What are the symptoms of acid reflux in infants and children?
- What causes GERD and acid reflux in infants and children?
- How is acid reflux diagnosed in infants and children?
- What are the treatments for acid reflux in infants and children?
- Medications for GERD
- Drugs to lessen gas
- Drugs to neutralize or decrease stomach acid
- Drugs to improve intestinal coordination
- Surgery for reflux in children
- Find a local Pediatric Gastroenterology in your town
Drugs to Improve Intestinal Coordination
- Propulsid. This drug was voluntarily withdrawn from the U.S. market in 2000; however, it is still available with very limited access. The drug works by increasing the pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter and increasing emptying of the stomach and the rate that food moves through the intestines. This helps reduce esophageal exposure to stomach contents. The drug is very effective for treating childhood reflux. However, the drug is associated with a abnormal heart rhythms.
- Reglan. This is another medication that helps speed up the digestion process. However, it is also associated with many side effects, some of which can be serious.
- Erythromycin. This is an antibiotic usually used to treat bacterial infections. One common side effect of erythromycin is that it causes strong stomach contractions. This side effect is advantageous when the drug is used to treat reflux.
Surgery for Reflux in Children
Surgery isn't often needed to treat reflux in children. When it is necessary, the Nissen fundoplication is the most often performed surgery. During this procedure, the top part of the stomach is wrapped around the esophagus forming a cuff that contracts and closes off the esophagus whenever the stomach contracts -- preventing reflux.
The procedure is usually effective, but it is not without risk. Discuss the potential risks and benefits of this operation with your child's doctor.
WebMD Medical Reference
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
American Association of Family Physicians.
Reviewed by Kimball Johnson, MD on July 11, 2012
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