"By Kelli Miller
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Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD
March 5, 2015 -- Babies created from the DNA of two women and a man could be born as early as next year. Last month, the United Kingdom cleared the way for fert"...
Gonal-F Patient Information including How Should I Take
In this Article
- What is follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- What are the possible side effects of follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- What is the most important information I should know about follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- How should I use follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Gonal-F)?
- What happens if I overdose (Gonal-F)?
- What should I avoid while using follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- What other drugs will affect follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
- Where can I get more information?
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
This medication is not effective in women with primary ovarian failure (when the ovaries are unable to produce an egg).
This medication is not effective in men with primary testicular failure (when the testicles are unable to produce sperm).
You should not use follicle stimulating hormone if you are allergic to it, if you are already pregnant, or if you have:
- an untreated or uncontrolled disorder of the thyroid, pituitary gland, or adrenal glands;
- heavy or abnormal vaginal bleeding that has not been checked by a doctor;
- an ovarian cyst;
- cancer of the breast, ovary, uterus, testicle, hypothalamus, or pituitary gland; or
- if you are allergic to neomycin (Mycifradin, Neo-Fradin) or streptomycin.
To make sure you can safely use follicle stimulating hormone, tell your doctor if you have:
- polycystic ovary disease;
- asthma; or
- a history of stroke or blood clot.
FDA pregnancy category X. Follicle stimulating hormone can harm an unborn baby or cause birth defects. Do not use this medication if you are already pregnant. Your doctor may give you a pregnancy test to make sure you are not pregnant before you receive follicle stimulating hormone. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment.
Fertility treatment may increase your chance of having twins, triplets, etc (multiple births). These are high-risk pregnancies both for the mother and the babies. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about this risk.
It is not known whether follicle stimulating hormone passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using follicle stimulating hormone.
How should I use follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F)?
You must remain under the care of a doctor while using follicle stimulating hormone.
Follicle stimulating hormone is injected under the skin or into a muscle. You will be shown how to use injections at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.
The cartridge and injection pen are used only for an injection under the skin. Follicle stimulating hormone in a vial (bottle) is for injection into a muscle using a syringe.
This medication comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results.
Prepare your syringe or injection pen only when you are ready to give yourself an injection. Do not use the medication if it looks cloudy or has particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.
Use a disposable needle only once. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.
If you use follicle stimulating hormone to get pregnant, you may need to have sex daily for several days in a row. The timing of sex within your dosing schedule is important for this treatment to work.
To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. You may also need ultrasound exams. Visit your doctor regularly.
Storing unopened vials, cartridges, or injection pens: Keep in the carton and store in a refrigerator or at room temperature. Do not freeze. Protect from light and use within 3 months.
Storing after your first use: Keep the vial, cartridge, or injection pen at room temperature or in the refrigerator and use within 28 days. Protect from light.
Take the injection pen out of the refrigerator and allow it to reach room temperature before giving the injection. Do not heat the medicine before using.
Throw away any unused vial, cartridge, or pen after the expiration date on the label has passed.
Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.
Additional Gonal-F Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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