- Guillain-Barré facts
- What is Guillain-Barré syndrome?
- What are the symptoms of Guillain-Barré syndrome?
- What causes Guillain-Barré syndrome?
- How is Guillain-Barré syndrome diagnosed?
- How is Guillain-Barré syndrome treated?
- What is the long-term outlook for those with Guillain-Barré syndrome?
- What research is being done on Guillain-Barré syndrome?
- Where can I get more information about Guillain-Barré syndrome?
- Find a local Neurologist in your town
*Guillain-Barré facts Medically Edited by: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
- Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) occurs when the immune system attacks the peripheral nervous system.
- Weakness or tingling in the legs or arms and upper body are characteristic symptoms of GBS.
- Severe cases of Guillain-Barré cause paralysis and are life-threatening.
- GBS is a very rare condition that afflicts about 1 out of every 100,000 people.
- Guillain Barre syndrome can occur after a respiratory or gastrointestinal viral infection. Guillain-Barré syndrome also can appear after surgery or vaccines.
- The autoimmune reaction in Guillain-Barré syndrome is directed against the myelin sheaths (surrounding tissue) of the peripheral nerves or the nerves themselves.
- The signs and symptoms of Guillain-Barré can vary, so it can be hard to diagnose in the early stages.
- A physical exam as well as an examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained from a spinal tap may help with diagnosis.
- Treatment of Guillain-Barré syndrome may include plasma exchange (plasmapheresis) and high-dose immunoglobulin therapy.
- There is no cure for Guillain-Barre, but most people recover fully.
- The recovery period after a bout of Guillain-Barré syndrome may be as little as a few weeks or as long as a few years.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/16/2016
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