"The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Dalvance (dalbavancin), a new antibacterial drug used to treat adults with skin infections.
Dalvance is intended to treat acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) cau"...
Like other topical corticosteroids, halobetasol propionate has anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive actions. The mechanism of the anti- inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids, in general, is unclear However, corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins, collectively called lipocorins It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.
The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors including the vehicle and the integrity of the epidermal barrier Occlusive dressings with hydrocortisone for up to 24 hours have not bean demonstrated to increase penetration; however, occlusion of hydrocortisone for 96 hours markedly enhances penetration. Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin may increase percutaneous absorption.
Studies performed with Halobetasol Propionate Ointment indicate that it is in the super-high range of potency as compared with other topical corticosteroids.
Last reviewed on RxList: 8/23/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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