June 29, 2016
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Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD)

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Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) facts

  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral infection.
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease produces a characteristic rash on the hands, feet, and in the mouth.
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease often occurs in the spring and fall.
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease is common in children, particularly preschoolers.
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease usually is mild and over within a week. Treatment is directly toward relief of symptoms (fever and sore throat).

What is hand, foot, and mouth (HFMD) disease?

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a viral infection characterized by fever and a typical rash most frequently seen on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and inside the mouth. It should not be confused with foot (hoof) and mouth disease that affects cattle, sheep, and swine.

What causes hand, foot, and mouth disease?

HFMD is caused by several members of the enterovirus family of viruses. The most common cause is Coxsackievirus A16; less frequently enterovirus 71 is the infectious agent. The clinical manifestations of routine HFMD are the same regardless of the responsible virus. However, patients infected with enterovirus 71 are more likely to experience rare complications (for example, viral meningitis or cardiac muscle involvement).

Picture of characteristic rash and blisters of hand, foot, and mouth disease
Picture of characteristic rash and blisters of hand, foot, and mouth disease
Picture of characteristic mouth sores of hand, foot, and mouth disease
Picture of characteristic mouth sores of hand, foot, and mouth disease
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/20/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/hand-foot-and-mouth_syndrome/article.htm

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