September 24, 2016
font size

Hand-Foot-And-Mouth Syndrome (cont.)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

What are the risk factors for hand, foot and mouth disease?

Risk factors for developing HFMD include

  1. spring and fall seasons,
  2. the toddler age range is most likely to develop the disease,
  3. high-risk exposure location (such as daycare and preschool), and
  4. ineffective hygiene -- infrequent soap and water hand-washing or not wearing disposable gloves when changing stool-containing diapers.

An individual with a compromised immune system is more likely to develop HFMD.

Is hand, foot, and mouth disease contagious? How does HFMD spread?

HFMD is spread person to person by direct contact with the infecting virus (either Coxsackievirus A16 or less commonly enterovirus 71). These viruses are most commonly found in the nasal and throat regions but also in the blister fluid or stool of infected individuals. Infected individuals are most contagious during the first week of their illness. HFMD cannot be contracted from pets or animals.

The viruses that cause HFMD may remain in the person's respiratory or intestinal tract for several weeks to months after all symptoms have resolved. It is possible, therefore, to transmit the infection even though the formerly ill individual has completely recovered. Some individuals (most commonly adults) may exhibit no symptoms or signs during their infection but may unwittingly transmit the illness to those (commonly infants and children) who are not immune.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/20/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/hand-foot-and-mouth_syndrome/article.htm

Parenting and Pregnancy

Get tips for baby and you.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations