Heart Attack in Women (cont.)
In this Article
- One woman's heart attack story
- What is heart disease?
- Do women need to worry about heart disease?
- Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
- What can I do to prevent heart disease?
- What does high blood pressure have to do with heart disease?
- How can I lower my blood pressure?
- What does high cholesterol have to do with heart disease?
- What do my cholesterol and triglyceride numbers mean?
- How can I lower my cholesterol?
- How do I know if I have heart disease?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
- One of my family members had a heart attack. Does that mean I'll have one too?
- Sometimes my heart beats really fast and other times it feels like my heart skips a beat. Am I having a heart attack?
- Should I take a daily aspirin to prevent heart attack?
- Does taking birth control pills increase my risk for heart disease?
- Does using the birth control patch increase my risk for heart disease?
- Does menopausal hormone therapy (HT, HRT, ET) increase a woman's risk for heart disease?
- For more information on heart disease in women
- Find a local Doctor in your town
Do women need to worry about heart disease?
Yes. Among all U.S. women who die each year, one in four dies of heart disease. In 2004, nearly 60 percent more women died of cardiovascular disease (both heart disease and stroke) than from all cancers combined. The older a woman gets, the more likely she is to get heart disease. But women of all ages should be concerned about heart disease. All women should take steps to prevent heart disease.
Both men and women have heart attacks, but more women who have heart attacks die from them. Treatments can limit heart damage but they must be given as soon as possible after a heart attack starts. Ideally, treatment should start within one hour of the first symptoms.
If you think you're having a heart attack, call 911 right away. Tell the operator your symptoms and that you think you're having a heart attack.
Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
Yes. African American and Hispanic American/Latina women should be concerned about getting heart disease because they tend to have more risk factors than white women. These risk factors include obesity, lack of physical activity, high blood pressure, and diabetes. If you're a woman of color, take steps to reduce your risk factors.
What can I do to prevent heart disease?
You can reduce your chances of getting heart disease by taking these steps:
Know your blood pressure. Years of high blood pressure can lead to heart disease. People with high blood pressure often have no symptoms, so have your blood pressure checked every 1 to 2 years and get treatment if you need it.
Don't smoke. If you smoke, try to quit. If you're having trouble quitting, there are products and programs that can help:
Ask your doctor or nurse for help to provide information and therapies to help quit smoking.
Get tested for diabetes. People with diabetes have high blood glucose (often called blood sugar). People with high blood glucose often have no symptoms, so have your blood glucose checked regularly. Having diabetes raises your chances of getting heart disease. If you have diabetes, your doctor will decide if you need diabetes pills or insulin shots. Your doctor can also help you make a healthy eating and exercise plan.
Get your cholesterol and triglyceride levels tested. High blood cholesterol (koh-LESS-tur-ol) can clog your arteries and keep your heart from getting the blood it needs. This can cause a heart attack. Triglycerides (treye-GLIH-suh-ryds) are a form of fat in your blood stream. High levels of triglycerides are linked to heart disease in some people. People with high blood cholesterol or high blood triglycerides often have no symptoms, so have both levels checked regularly. If your levels are high, talk to your doctor about what you can do to lower them. You may be able to lower your both levels by eating better and exercising more. Your doctor may prescribe medication to help lower your cholesterol.
Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight raises your risk for heart disease. Calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI) to see if you are at a healthy weight. Healthy food choices and physical activity are important to staying at a healthy weight:
- Start by adding more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to your diet.
- Each week, aim to get at least 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate physical activity, 1 hour and 15 minutes of vigorous physical activity, or a combination of moderate and vigorous activity.
If you drink alcohol, limit it to no more than one drink (one 12 ounce beer, one 5 ounce glass of wine, or one 1.5 ounce shot of hard liquor) a day.
Find healthy ways to cope with stress. Lower your stress level by talking to your friends, exercising, or writing in a journal.
Take action to reduce heart disease risk:
- Be physically active
- Don't smoke
- Eat healthy
- Maintain a normal weight
- Know your numbers (blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides)
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