Heart Failure (cont.)
Erica Oberg, ND, MPH
Dr. Erica Oberg, ND, MPH, received a BA in anthropology from the University of Colorado, her doctorate of naturopathic medicine (ND) from Bastyr University, and a masters of public health (MPH) in health services research from the University of Washington. She completed her residency at the Bastyr Center for Natural Health in ambulatory primary care and fellowship training at the Health Promotion Research Center at the University of Washington.
Mimi Guarneri, MD, FACC, ABIHM
Dr. Mimi Guarneri, MD, FACC, ABIHM, is board certified in cardiovascular disease, internal medicine, nuclear medicine, and holistic medicine. Dr. Guarneri is president of the American Board of Integrative Holistic Medicine and serves as Senior Advisor to the Atlantic Health System for the Center for Well Being and Integrative Medicine. Dr. Guarneri is founder and director of Guarneri Integrative Health, Inc. and Taylor Academy for Integrative Medicine Education and Research located at Pacific Pearl La Jolla in La Jolla, CA.
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
In this Article
- Heart failure definition and facts
- What is heart failure?
- What are the different types of heart failure?
- What are heart failure symptoms and signs?
- What are the risk factors for heart failure?
- What causes heart failure?
- What are heart failure stages or classifications?
- How is heart failure diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for heart failure?
- What diet and lifestyle management techniques helps heart failure?
- What medications treat heart failure?
- What procedures or surgery treats heart failure?
- Which specialties of doctors treat heart failure?
- What are the potential complications of heart failure?
- What is the prognosis and life expectancy for a person with heart failure?
- Can heart failure be prevented?
- Find a local Cardiologist in your town
What are heart failure symptoms and signs?
Symptoms of heart failure include:
- Shortness of breath
- Exercise intolerance
- Loss of appetite
- Coughing (or chronic cough)
- Pounding or racing heart
- Excessive tiredness
- Problems thinking
- Swelling in the ankles
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Chest pain
Symptoms are usually worse at night when lying flat. Symptoms are very similar for systolic and diastolic heart failure. Your doctor may need further testing to see which type you have.
What are the risk factors for heart failure?
The most common risk factors for heart failure include:
- Coronary artery disease
- Previous heart attack
- Heart valve problems
- Other major risk factors include:
- High blood pressure
- Genetics (congenital heart defects)
- Infections (especially viral infections)
Less well recognized risk factors of heart failure include:
- Sleep apnea
- Nutrient deficiencies
- An unhealthy diet (low in antioxidant vegetables and high in animal fats)
- Lack of exercise
All of these also contribute to coronary artery disease, which is a major risk factor for heart failure.
Find out what women really need.