Heartburn (Reflux) (cont.)
In this Article
- Heartburn facts
- What are the symptoms of heartburn?
- What causes heartburn?
- Dietary causes of heartburn
- Lifestyle causes of heartburn
- Medical causes of heartburn
- What is the treatment for heartburn?
- Tips to alleviate heartburn symptoms
- OTC heartburn treatments
- Prescription heartburn treatments
- When is heartburn surgery necessary?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
Prescription Heartburn Treatments
- H2 Blockers. Histamine-2 (H2) blockers such as
Axid work by reducing the production of stomach acid. The prescription forms of
these medications (which usually contain higher doses than the over-the-counter
versions) can generally relieve heartburn and treat GERD. They also may be used
for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
- Proton Pump Inhibitors. Depending on the source of your problem, your doctor
can prescribe medications that block acid production more effectively than the
H2 blockers, namely the family of medications doctors call proton pump
inhibitors, or PPIs for short. They include:
Nexium. Another PPI product combines Prilosec with sodium
- Promotility Agents. Promotility agents work by speeding up digestion, which prevents acid from staying in the stomach too long, and strengthening the lower esophageal sphincter, reducing reflux back up into the esophagus. Reglan is a promotility agent occasionally used to treat heartburn associated with GERD. The side effects of Reglan may include drowsiness, fatigue, diarrhea, restlessness, and movement problems. Another promotility agent, Propulsid, was removed from the market in 2000 because it caused serious heart arrythmias (abnormal heart beat) in some people.
Most patients are successfully treated with these medications. Only a few people need surgery to correct the disorder.
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