Heparin Preservative Free
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Heparin Preservative Free
Heparin Preservative Free Side Effects Center
Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Heparin Sodium (heparin sodium injection preservative free) Injection is an anticoagulant (blood thinner) used to treat and prevent blood clots, pulmonary embolism, peripheral arterial embolism, clotting disorders, and to prevent clotting during surgery. This medication is available in generic form. Common side effects include mild pain/redness/irritation at the injection site.
The dosage of heparin sodium is adjusted according to the patient's coagulation test results. Heparin sodium may interact with other anticoagulants (such as warfarin), acetylsalicylic acid, dextran, phenylbutazone, ibuprofen, indomethacin, dipyridamole, hydroxychloroquine, digitalis, tetracyclines, nicotine, antihistamines, and intravenous nitroglycerin. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. During pregnancy, heparin sodium should be used only if prescribed. Heparin sodium is not excreted in human milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Our Heparin Sodium (heparin sodium injection preservative free) Injection Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is Prescribing information?
The FDA package insert formatted in easy-to-find categories for health professionals and clinicians.
Heparin Preservative Free FDA Prescribing Information: Side Effects
Hemorrhage is the chief complication that may result from heparin therapy (see WARNINGS). An overly prolonged clotting time or minor bleeding during therapy can usually be controlled by withdrawing the drug (see OVERDOSAGE). It should be appreciated that gastrointestinal or urinary tract bleeding during anticoagulant therapy may indicate the presence of an underlying occult lesion. Bleeding can occur at any site but certain specific hemorrhagic complications may be difficult to detect:
- Adrenal hemorrhage, with resultant acute adrenal insufficiency, has occurred during anticoagulant therapy. Therefore, such treatment should be discontinued in patients who develop signs and symptoms of acute adrenal hemorrhage and insufficiency. Initiation of corrective therapy should not depend on laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis, since any delay in an acute situation may result in the patient's death.
- Ovarian (corpus luteum) hemorrhage developed in a number of women of reproductive age receiving short- or long-term anticoagulant therapy. This complication, if unrecognized, may be fatal.
- Retroperitoneal hemorrhage.
Thrombocytopenia, Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT) and Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia and Thrombosis (HITT) and Delayed Onset of HIT and HITT. See WARNINGS.
Local irritation, erythema, mild pain, hematoma or ulceration may follow deep subcutaneous (intrafat) injection of heparin sodium (heparin sodium injection preservative free) . These complications are much more common after intramuscular use, and such use is not recommended.
Generalized hypersensitivity reactions have been reported, with chills, fever and urticaria as the most usual manifestations, and asthma, rhinitis, lacrimation, headache, nausea and vomiting, and anaphylactoid reactions, including shock, occurring more rarely. Itching and burning, especially on the plantar side of the feet, may occur.
Thrombocytopenia has been reported to occur in patients receiving heparin with a reported incidence of up to 30%. While often mild and of no obvious clinical significance, such thrombocytopenia can be accompanied by severe thromboembolic complications such as skin necrosis, gangrene of the extremities that may lead to amputation, myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, stroke, and possibly death (see WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS).
Certain episodes of painful, ischemic and cyanosed limbs have in the past been attributed to allergic vasospastic reactions. Whether these are in fact identical to the thrombocytopenia- associated complications remains to be determined.
Osteoporosis following long-term administration of high doses of heparin, cutaneous necrosis after systemic administration, suppression of aldosterone synthesis, delayed transient alopecia, priapism, and rebound hyperlipemia on discontinuation of heparin sodium (heparin sodium injection preservative free) have also been reported.
Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Heparin Preservative Free (Heparin Sodium Injection Preservative Free) »
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