John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Hiccup facts
- Why do we hiccup?
- What causes hiccups?
- What about hiccups in infants and babies?
- What are the symptoms of hiccups?
- When should I contact my doctor for hiccups?
- How are hiccups diagnosed?
- How can I stop, get rid of, or cure hiccups?
- Are there any complications of hiccups?
- Can hiccups be prevented?
What about hiccups in infants and babies?
As in adults, hiccups in newborns, infants, and babies are common and generally nothing to worry about. If hiccups occur during feeding, stop feeding until the hiccups go away. Usually the hiccups will "go away" in an infant or baby. You may try changing the position of the infant or baby, try to get your baby to burp, or calming him/her down to cure the hiccups. Sometimes resuming feeding will stop the hiccups. If your baby frequently hiccups during feedings, feed your baby when he's already relaxed, and is not overly hungry yet.
If your child's hiccups worsen or they seem to upset him, contact your pediatrician.
What are the symptoms of hiccups?
Sudden, forceful movement of the diaphragm, that causes the hiccup sound, is the only symptom of hiccups.
When should I contact my doctor for hiccups?
Most cases of hiccups resolve themselves in a short period of time and are rarely a medical emergency. See your doctor if hiccups last more than three hours, or if they disturb your eating or sleeping habits.
Seek medical attention if hiccups are associated with
- abdominal pain,
- shortness of breath,
- coughing up blood,
- or feeling as if your throat is going to close up.
How are hiccups diagnosed?
Most of us know what a hiccup feels like and how to recognize it. In a medical setting, the diagnosis of hiccups is based on physical evaluation.
Blood tests or X-rays are usually not necessary unless your hiccups are a symptom of an associated medical condition.
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