February 19, 2017
Table of Contents
- Hiccup definition and facts
- Why do we hiccup?
- What causes hiccups?
- What about hiccups in infants and babies?
- What are the symptoms of hiccups?
- When should I contact my doctor for hiccups?
- How are hiccups diagnosed?
- How can I stop, get rid of, or cure hiccups?
- Is there medical treatment for hiccups?
- Are there any complications of hiccups?
- Can hiccups be prevented?
What causes hiccups?
Most of the time, there is no obvious cause for hiccups. However, there are some common known causes of hiccups.
Some causes of hiccups include:
- Eating too quickly and swallowing air along with foods.
- Eating too much (fatty or spicy foods, in particular) or drinking too much (carbonated beverages or alcohol) can distend the stomach and irritate the diaphragm, which can cause hiccups.
- Any disease or disorder that irritates the nerves that control the diaphragm (such as liver disease, pneumonia, or other lung disorders).
- Abdominal surgery can also irritate the nerves that control the diaphragm, causing hiccups.
- Strokes or brain tumors involving the brain stem, and some chronic medical disorders (such as renal failure) have also been reported to cause hiccups.
- Noxious fumes can also trigger hiccups.
- Sudden changes in temperature
- Fear or excitement
Some medications may also have hiccups as a side effect, for example:
- Medications for acid reflux
- Most benzodiazepines, including diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), and lorazepam (Ativan)
- Levodopa, nicotine, and ondansetron (Zofran)
3/8Reviewed on 10/7/2016
Digestive Disorders Resources
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