"The combinations of anti-HIV drugs recommended for pregnant women do not appear in general to increase their children's risk for language delay, according to a study from a National Institutes of Health research network.
Patients should be informed that HIVID (zalcitabine) is not a cure for HIV infection and that they may continue to acquire illnesses associated with advanced HIV infection, including opportunistic infections.
Patients should be told that there is currently no data demonstrating that HIVID (zalcitabine) therapy can reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others through sexual contact or blood contamination.
Patients should be advised to take HIVID (zalcitabine) every day as prescribed. Patients should not alter the dose or discontinue therapy without consulting with their physician. If a dose is missed, patients should take the dose as soon as possible and then return to their normal schedule. However, if a dose is skipped, the patient should not double the next dose.
Patients should be instructed that the major toxicity of HIVID (zalcitabine) is peripheral neuropathy. Pancreatitis and hepatic toxicity are other serious potentially life-threatening toxicities that have been reported in patients treated with HIVID (zalcitabine) .
Patients should be advised of the early symptoms of these conditions and instructed to promptly report them to their physician. Since the development of peripheral neuropathy appears to be dose-related to HIVID (zalcitabine) , patients should be advised to follow their dose.
Patients should be informed that redistribution or accumulation of body fat may occur in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy and that the cause and long-term health effects of these conditions are not known at this time.
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/30/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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