- Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
- What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
- What are Hodgkin's lymphoma causes and risk factors?
- What are Hodgkin's lymphoma symptoms and signs?
- How is Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosed?
- How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
- What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
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Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
*Hodgkin's lymphoma facts medical author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
- Hodgkin's lymphoma is a type of lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system).
- The most common symptom of Hodgkin's lymphoma is a painless swelling in the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, or groin.
- Some of those affected have other symptoms like fever, night sweats, fatigue, itching, or weakness.
- Hodgkin's lymphoma is most common among teens and adults aged 15 to 35 years and adults aged 55 years and older.
- Risk factors may include a weakened immune system, HIV or EBV infection, and a family history of the disease.
- Hodgkin's lymphoma is diagnosed when abnormal tissue is detected by a pathologist after a biopsy of an enlarged lymph node.
- The abnormal cells in Hodgkin's lymphoma are called Reed-Sternberg cells.
- Staging of Hodgkin's lymphoma refers to the extent of spread of the abnormal cells within the body.
- Imaging studies such as CT scanning, MRI, or PET scanning may be done to determine the stage of Hodgkin's lymphoma.
- Treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma depends on the symptoms, stage and location of disease, as well as the age and health of the patient.
- Treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma usually includes radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
- Regular follow-up examinations are important after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma. Patients treated for Hodgkin's lymphoma have an increased risk of developing other types of cancer later in life, especially leukemia.
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