Hot Flashes (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What are hot flashes?
- What causes hot flashes?
- What are the symptoms of hot flashes?
- How are hot flashes diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for hot flashes?
- Hormone therapy
- Bioidentical hormone therapy
- Other drug treatments
- Complementary and alternative treatments
- Black cohosh
- Other alternative therapies
- Can hot flashes be prevented?
- Hot Flashes At A Glance
- Find a local Endocrinologist in your town
Bioidentical hormone therapy
There has been increasing interest in recent years in the use of so-called "bioidentical" hormone therapy for perimenopausal women. Bioidentical hormone preparations are medications that contain hormones that have the same chemical formula as those made naturally in the body. The hormones are created in a laboratory by altering compounds derived from naturally-occurring plant products. Some of these so-called bioidentical hormone preparations are U.S. FDA-approved and manufactured by drug companies, while others are made at special pharmacies called compounding pharmacies, which make the preparations on a case-by-case basis for each patient. These individual preparations are not regulated by the FDA, because compounded products are not standardized.
Advocates of bioidentical hormone therapy argue that the products, applied as creams or gels, are absorbed into the body in their active form without the need for "first pass" metabolism in the liver, and that their use may avoid potentially dangerous side effects of synthetic hormones used in conventional hormone therapy. However, studies to establish the long-term safety and effectiveness of these products have not been carried out.
Other drug treatments
- The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications have been shown be effective in
reducing menopausal hot flashes. These drugs are generally used in the treatment
of depression and
anxiety as well as other conditions The SSRI
that has been tested most extensively in the treatment of hot flashes is
venlafaxine (Effexor), although other SSRI drugs may be effective as well.
- Clonidine (Catapres) is an anti-hypertensive drug that
can relieve hot flashes in some women. Clonidine is taken either by pill or skin
patch and decreases blood pressure. Side effects of clonidine can include
mouth, constipation, drowsiness, or difficulty sleeping.
- Gabapentin (Neurontin), a drug primarily used for the treatment of
has also been effective in treating hot flashes.
- Megestrol acetate (Megace) is a progestin that is sometimes prescribed over a
short-term to help relieve hot flashes, but this drug is not usually recommended
as a first-line treatment for hot flashes. Serious side effects can occur if the
medication is abruptly discontinued. Megestrol may have the side effect of
- Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera) is another progestin drug and is administered by injection to treat hot flashes. It may lead to weight gain as well as bone loss.
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