Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (cont.)
Mary D. Nettleman, MD, MS, MACP
Mary D. Nettleman, MD, MS, MACP is the Chair of the Department of Medicine at Michigan State University. She is a graduate of Vanderbilt Medical School, and completed her residency in Internal Medicine and a fellowship in Infectious Diseases at Indiana University.
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
In this Article
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
- What is the human immunodeficiency virus?
- What is the history of HIV?
- What causes an HIV infection?
- What are the different stages of an HIV infection?
- What are risk factors for an HIV infection?
- What are HIV symptoms and signs?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose an HIV infection? What are the different types of HIV tests?
- What are HIV treatments? What medications are used in the treatment of HIV?
- What are complications of an HIV infection?
- What is the prognosis of an HIV infection?
- Is it possible to prevent the transmission of HIV?
- What research is being done on HIV?
- Are support groups available for people who are HIV positive?
- Where can people find more information on HIV?
- HIV-AIDS Rxlist FAQs
- Find a local Infectious Disease Specialist in your town
What research is being done on HIV?
An extensive amount of research is being done on HIV. Efforts are under way to find an effective vaccine, although this has proved difficult because the virus is not easily killed by traditional human antibodies. New treatments are being developed that scientists hope will be more effective, easier to take, less costly, and/or have fewer side effects. New educational programs may help people avoid risk behaviors or be more compliant with treatment regimens.
Are support groups available for people who are HIV positive?
There are many support groups available for people living with HIV. Clinics that treat people with HIV usually can provide information on local support groups. Most states have support organizations for people with HIV or an HIV hotline that can provide advice on support groups. The federal government's AIDSinfo hotline can be reached at: 800-448-0440. Private support organizations may also be able to help, including those focusing on high-risk populations such as gay men or intravenous drug users. There are many online support groups and chat rooms which can be very helpful if anonymity is desired.
Where can people find more information on HIV?
The best site for current information is http://www.AIDSinfo.nih.gov, which is supported by the National Institutes of Health.
United States. Department of Health and Human Services. "Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in HIV-1-infected adults and adolescents." Jan. 10, 2011. <http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/lvguidelines/adultandadolescentgl.pdf>.
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