William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Hydroxyapatite crystal disease facts
- What is hydroxyapatite?
- What are hydroxyapatite crystals?
- Is hydroxyapatite crystal disease the same as gout or pseudogout?
- How are hydroxyapatite crystals identified?
- How is hydroxyapatite crystal disease treated?
How are hydroxyapatite crystals identified?
Sometimes, hydroxyapatite crystals can be seen clumped in the fluid of a joint that has developed arthritis. The crystals are usually so small as to be invisible under a regular microscope and thus require a special (electron) microscope for identification.
How is hydroxyapatite crystal disease treated?
The treatment of the inflammation caused by hydroxyapatite crystals includes rest, cold application, and medications to reduce inflammation. Cortisone-related medications injected into inflamed tissues can also sometimes help decrease inflammation and thereby relieve pain.
Medically reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, MD, MBA, FAAFP; American Board of Family Medicine
Hydroxyapatite crystal deposition disease.
Garcia GM, McCord GC, Kumar R.
National Center for Biotechnology Information
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