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The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of hyaluronidase products. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
The most frequently reported adverse experiences have been mild local injection site reactions such as erythema and pain. Hyaluronidase has been reported to enhance the adverse events associated with co-administered drug products. Edema has been reported most frequently in association with subcutaneous fluid administration. Allergic reactions (urticaria or angioedema) have been reported in less than 0.1% of patients receiving hyaluronidase. Anaphylactic-like reactions following retrobulbar block or intravenous injections have occurred, rarely.
Read the Hylenex (hyaluronidase human injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
Furosemide, the benzodiazepines and phenytoin have been found to be incompatible with hyaluronidase.
Hyaluronidase should not be used to enhance the dispersion and absorption of dopamine and/or alpha agonist drugs.
When considering the administration of any other drug with hyaluronidase, it is recommended that appropriate references first be consulted to determine the usual precautions for the use of the other drug.
When hyaluronidase is added to a local anesthetic agent, it hastens the onset of analgesia and tends to reduce the swelling caused by local infiltration, but the wider spread of the local anesthetic solution increases its absorption; this shortens its duration of action and tends to increase the incidence of systemic reaction.
Salicylates, Cortisone, ACTH, Estrogens and Antihistamines
Patients receiving large doses of salicylates, cortisone, ACTH, estrogens or antihistamines may require larger amounts of hyaluronidase for equivalent dispersing effect, since these drugs apparently render tissues partly resistant to the action of hyaluronidase.
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/29/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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