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Hyperglycemia (cont.)

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How is hyperglycemia treated?

Mild or transient hyperglycemia may not need medical treatment, depending upon the cause. People with mildly elevated glucose or prediabetes can often lower their glucose levels by incorporating diet and lifestyle changes. To assure that you chose the right dietary and lifestyle changes , you should speak with your health care professional or use reliable resources such as the American Diabetes Association.

Insulin is the treatment of choice for people with type 1 diabetes and for life-threatening increases in glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes may be managed with a combination of different oral and injectable medications. Some people with type 2 diabetes also take insulin.

Hyperglycemia due to medical conditions other than diabetes is generally treated by addressing the underlying condition responsible for the elevated glucose. In some cases, insulin may be needed to stabilize glucose levels during this treatment.

What are the complications of hyperglycemia?

Long-term complications of prolonged hyperglycemia can be severe. These occur in people with diabetes and are worse when the condition is poorly controlled. The long-term complications of diabetes tend to develop slowly over time. Some of the complications of hyperglycemia in poorly-controlled diabetes are:

REFERENCES:

CDC.gov. Diabetes.

American Diabetes Association.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/11/2014

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/hyperglycemia/article.htm

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