Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
- Hysteroscopy is the visualization of the inside of the uterine cavity by inserting special visualization scopes through the vagina and cervical opening.
- Hysteroscopy can be carried out to aid in diagnosis or to perform minor surgical procedures.
- In many cases hysteroscopy can be performed as an outpatient (same-day) surgical procedure.
- Complications of hysteroscopy are rare. The most commonly reported complication is perforation of the uterus.
What is hysteroscopy?
This procedure is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for viewing the inside of the uterus. Hysteroscopy is performed by inserting a visualizing scope through the vagina and into the cervical opening. Hysteroscopy allows visualization of the inside of the uterus, including the openings to the Fallopian tubes, as well as direct examination of the cervix, cervical canal, and vagina.
Why is hysteroscopy done?
Hysteroscopy can be performed for both diagnosis or also for treatment (therapeutic). Hysteroscopy is one of several procedures that your doctor may recommend to evaluate or treat abnormalities of the uterus or cervix. Since hysteroscopy examines the lining and interior of the uterus, it is not suitable for evaluating problems within the muscular wall or on the outer surface of the uterus.
Hysteroscopy may be recommended as one step in the evaluation of a number of gynecological problems, including:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Retained placenta or products of conception after a birth or miscarriage
- Congenital (inborn) anatomical abnormalities of the female genital tract
- Scarring, or adhesions, from previous uterine surgery or instrumentation such as dilation and curettage (D&C)
- Polyps or fibroid tumors inside the cervical canal or inside the uterine cavity
Hysteroscopy can also be used to help pinpoint the location of abnormalities in the uterine lining for sampling and biopsy. Hysteroscopy can also be used to perform surgical sterilization.
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