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Imitrex Injection

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Migraine is a serious, potentially life-threatening neurological disease that affects nearly 32 million Americans, the majority of whom are women. The hallmark symptom of migraine is an escalating, often "...

Imitrex Injection

Imitrex Injection Side Effects Center

Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Imitrex Injection (sumatriptan succinate) is a medication within the drug class of selective serotonin receptor agonists. Imitrex is available as a generic drug and is available as an injectable dosage form to treat migraine headaches. Common side effects of Imitrex Injection are pain or chest tightness, weakness, and stomach discomfort. The maximum single recommended adult dose of Imitrex Injection is 6 mg injected subcutaneously.

Drug interactions with Imitrex include monoamine oxidase inhibitors such as isocarboxazid (Marplan) , sibutramine (Meridia), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (including fluoxetine [Prozac] and sertraline [Zoloft]), serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (such as venlafaxine [Effexor]) and duloxetine [Cymbalta]) and ergot-containing medications (including dihydroergotamine [Migranal] and ergotamine [Methergine]). The safety of using Imitrex during pregnancy has not been established and it is secreted in breast milk.

Our Imitrex Injection Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is Patient Information in Detail?

Easy-to-read and understand detailed drug information and pill images for the patient or caregiver from Cerner Multum.

Imitrex Injection in Detail - Patient Information: Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using sumatriptan and call your doctor if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • feeling of pain or tightness in your jaw, neck, or throat;
  • chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling;
  • sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body;
  • sudden severe headache, confusion, problems with vision, speech, or balance;
  • sudden and severe stomach pain and bloody diarrhea;
  • seizure (convulsions);
  • numbness or tingling and a pale or blue-colored appearance in your fingers or toes; or
  • (if you are also taking an antidepressant) -- agitation, hallucinations, fever, fast heart rate, overactive reflexes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of coordination, fainting.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • mild headache (not a migraine);
  • pressure or heavy feeling in any part of your body;
  • discomfort in your nose or throat;
  • dizziness, spinning sensation;
  • muscle pain, neck pain or stiffness;
  • warmth, redness, or mild tingling under your skin; or
  • pain, redness, bleeding, swelling, or bruising where you injected the medicine.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the entire detailed patient monograph for Imitrex Injection (Sumatriptan Succinate Injection) »

What is Patient Information Overview?

A concise overview of the drug for the patient or caregiver from First DataBank.

Imitrex Injection Overview - Patient Information: Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS: Pain, swelling, bleeding, or bruising at the injection site may occur. Flushing, sensations of tingling/numbness/prickling/heat, weakness, drowsiness, or dizziness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Chest/jaw/neck tightness can commonly occur shortly after using sumatriptan. Only rarely are these signs of a serious condition. However, you may not be able to tell it apart from a serious reaction related to a lack of blood flow to the heart, brain or other parts of the body. Seek immediate medical attention if any of these unlikely but very serious (rarely fatal) side effects occur: chest pain, jaw/left arm pain, fainting, fast/irregular/pounding heartbeat, vision changes, weakness on one side of the body, confusion, slurred speech, sudden or severe stomach/abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, change in the amount of urine.

Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: blue fingers/toes/nails, cold sensation of hands/feet, hearing changes, mental/mood changes, seizures.

This medication may increase serotonin and rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk increases if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin, so tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take (see Drug Interactions section). Get medical help right away if you develop some of the following symptoms: fast heartbeat, hallucinations, loss of coordination, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscles, unexplained fever, unusual agitation/restlessness.

A serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Read the entire patient information overview for Imitrex Injection (Sumatriptan Succinate Injection)»

What is Prescribing information?

The FDA package insert formatted in easy-to-find categories for health professionals and clinicians.

Imitrex Injection FDA Prescribing Information: Side Effects
(Adverse Reactions)

SIDE EFFECTS

The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Migraine Headache

Table 1 lists adverse reactions that occurred in 2 US placebo-controlled clinical trials in migraine subjects [Studies 2 and 3, see Clinical Studies] following either a single 6-mg dose of IMITREX Injection or placebo. Only reactions that occurred at a frequency of 2% or more in groups treated with IMITREX Injection 6 mg and that occurred at a frequency greater than the placebo group are included in Table 1.

Table 1: Adverse Reactions Reported by at Least 2% of Subjects and at a Greater Frequency Than Placebo in 2 Placebo-Controlled Migraine Clinical Trials (Studies 2 and 3)a

Adverse Reaction Percent of Subjects Reporting
IMITREX Injection 6 mg Subcutaneous
(n = 547)
Placebo
(n = 370)
Atypical sensations 42 9
  Tingling 14 3
  Warm/hot sensation 11 4
  Burning sensation 7 < 1
  Feeling of heaviness 7 1
  Pressure sensation 7 2
  Feeling of tightness 5 < 1
  Numbness 5 2
  Feeling strange 2 < 1
  Tight feeling in head 2 < 1
Cardiovascular
  Flushing 7 2
Chest discomfort 5 1
  Tightness in chest 3 < 1
  Pressure in chest 2 < 1
Ear, nose, and throat
  Throat discomfort 3 < 1
  Discomfort: nasal cavity/sinuses 2 < 1
Injection site reactionb 59 24
Miscellaneous
  Jaw discomfort 2 0
Musculoskeletal
  Weakness 5 < 1
  Neck pain/stiffness 5 < 1
  Myalgia 2 < 1
Neurological
  Dizziness/vertigo 12 4
  Drowsiness/sedation 3 2
  Headache 2 < 1
Skin
  Sweating 2 1
a The sum of the percentages cited is greater than 100% because subjects may have experienced more than 1 type of adverse reaction. Only reactions that occurred at a frequency of 2% or more in groups treated with IMITREX Injection and occurred at a frequency greater than the placebo groups are included.
b Includes injection site pain, stinging/burning, swelling, erythema, bruising, bleeding.

The incidence of adverse reactions in controlled clinical trials was not affected by gender or age of the subjects. There were insufficient data to assess the impact of race on the incidence of adverse reactions.

Cluster Headache

In the controlled clinical trials assessing the efficacy of IMITREX Injection as a treatment for cluster headache [Studies 4 and 5, see Clinical Studies], no new significant adverse reactions were detected that had not already been identified in trials of IMITREX in subjects with migraine.

Overall, the frequency of adverse reactions reported in the trials of cluster headache was generally lower than in the migraine trials. Exceptions include reports of paresthesia (5% IMITREX, 0% placebo), nausea and vomiting (4% IMITREX, 0% placebo), and bronchospasm (1% IMITREX, 0% placebo).

Other Adverse Reactions

In the paragraphs that follow, the frequencies of less commonly reported adverse reactions are presented. Reaction frequencies were calculated as the number of subjects reporting a reaction divided by the total number of subjects (N = 6,218) exposed to subcutaneous IMITREX Injection. All reported reactions are included except those already listed in the previous table. Reactions are further classified within body system categories and enumerated in order of decreasing frequency using the following definitions: frequent are defined as those occurring in at least 1/100 subjects, infrequent are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1,000 subjects, and rare are those occurring in fewer than 1/1,000 subjects.

Cardiovascular: Infrequent were hypertension, hypotension, bradycardia, tachycardia, palpitations, and syncope. Rare was arrhythmia.

Gastrointestinal: Frequent was abdominal discomfort.

Musculoskeletal: Frequent were muscle cramps.

Neurological: Frequent was anxiety. Infrequent were mental confusion, euphoria, agitation, tremor. Rare were myoclonia, sleep disturbance, and dystonia.

Respiratory: Infrequent was dyspnea.

Skin: Infrequent were erythema, pruritus, and skin rashes.

Miscellaneous: Infrequent was “serotonin agonist effect”.

Adverse Events Observed With Other Formulations of IMITREX

The following adverse events occurred in clinical trials with IMITREX® Tablets and IMITREX® Nasal Spray. Because the reports include events observed in open and uncontrolled trials, the role of IMITREX in their causation cannot be reliably determined. All reported events are included except those already listed, those too general to be informative, and those not reasonably associated with the use of the drug.

Cardiovascular: Angina, cerebrovascular lesion, heart block, peripheral cyanosis, phlebitis, thrombosis.

Gastrointestinal: Abdominal distention and colitis.

Neurological: Convulsions, hallucinations, syncope, suicide, and twitching.

Miscellaneous: Edema, hypersensitivity, swelling of extremities, and swelling of face.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of IMITREX Tablets, IMITREX Nasal Spray, and IMITREX Injection. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. These reactions have been chosen for inclusion due to either their seriousness, frequency of reporting, or causal connection to IMITREX or a combination of these factors.

Blood: Hemolytic anemia, pancytopenia, thrombocytopenia.

Ear, Nose, and Throat: Deafness.

Eye: Ischemic optic neuropathy, retinal artery occlusion, retinal vein thrombosis.

Neurological: Central nervous system vasculitis, cerebrovascular accident, serotonin syndrome, subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Non-Site Specific: Angioedema, cyanosis, temporal arteritis.

Skin: Exacerbation of sunburn, hypersensitivity reactions (allergic vasculitis, erythema, pruritus, rash, shortness of breath, urticaria), photosensitivity. Following subcutaneous administration of IMITREX, pain, redness, stinging, induration, swelling, contusion, subcutaneous bleeding, and, on rare occasions, lipoatrophy (depression in the skin) or lipohypertrophy (enlargement or thickening of tissue) have been reported.

Urogenital: Acute renal failure.

Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Imitrex Injection (Sumatriptan Succinate Injection) »

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Imitrex Injection - User Reviews

Imitrex Injection User Reviews

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Here is a collection of user reviews for the medication Imitrex Injection sorted by most helpful. Patient Discussions FAQs

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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