July 23, 2016
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Infertility

Infertility facts

*Infertility facts medically edited by: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

  • Infertility means not being able to become pregnant, within certain parameters.
  • Infertility is a common problem of about 10% of women aged 15 to 44.
  • Infertility can be due to the woman (33%), the man (33%) and by both sexes or due to unknown problems (33%), approximately.
  • Infertility in men can be due to varicocele, low or absent sperm count, sperm damage or certain diseases.
  • Risk factors for men's infertility include alcohol and drug use, toxins, smoking, age, health problems, medicines, radiation, and chemotherapy.
  • Risk factors for women's infertility include ovulation problems, blocked Fallopian tubes, uterine problems, uterine fibroids, age, stress, poor diet, athletic training, and those risk factors listed for men.
  • Aging decreases a woman's fertility; after age 35 about 33% of couples have fertility problems; older women's eggs are reduced in number, not as healthy and less likely to be released by the ovary – the woman is also more likely to have a miscarriage and other health problems.
  • Women under 35 should try for a year or 6 months if 35 or older to become pregnant before contacting their doctor if they have no health problems.
  • Doctors use the histories of both partners and may run tests such as sperm studies, ovulation tests, ultrasound, hysterosalpingography, or laparoscopy.
  • Infertility may be treated with medicine, surgery, artificial insemination, or assisted reproductive technology, based on the couples test results and other factors.
  • There are multiple medicines that may be used to treat infertility in women.
  • Intrauterine insemination is artificial insemination where a woman is injected with sperm into the uterus.
  • ART (assisted reproductive technology) is when a woman's eggs are removed, mixed with sperm to make embryos that are placed back in the woman's body; it's successful about 11% to 39%, depending on the woman's age.
  • There are several types of ART; in vitro fertilization, Zygote transfer, Gamete transfer and intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
  • Surrogacy (the woman's male partner sperm is used to fertilize another woman egg and that other woman carries the fetus to term and the infant is then adopted ) is a way for some couples to obtain a baby.
  • A gestational carrier is a woman who has an embryo placed in her uterus, carries the fetus to term and gives the baby to the couple (or responsible persons) that produced the embryo.

  • Source: MedicineNet.com
    http://www.medicinenet.com/infertility/article.htm

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