Ingrown Toenail (cont.)
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Ingrown toenail facts
- What are ingrown toenails?
- What are the symptoms and signs of an ingrown toenail?
- What causes ingrown toenails?
- Are some people more prone to ingrown toenails?
- Which nails are most commonly affected by ingrown toenails?
- What causes infections in ingrown toenails?
- How do physicians diagnose an ingrown toenail?
- What are possible complications of ingrown toenails?
- How do people treat an ingrown toenail at home?
- When should someone seek medical treatment for an ingrown toenail?
- What kind of doctor treats ingrown toenails?
- What is the treatment for ingrown toenails?
- What types of nail surgery are used for ingrown toenails?
- How can people prevent ingrown toenails from recurring?
- Ingrown toenail do's
- Ingrown toenail dont's
- What is the prognosis for an ingrown toenail?
- Foot Problems Slideshow
- What Feet Say About Health Slideshow
- Take the Feet Facts Quiz
- Find a local Podiatrist in your town
Are some people more prone to ingrown toenails?
There are a number of risk factors that may predispose a person to having an ingrown toenail. The following are some of the more common:
- Athletics, particularly stop and start sports such as tennis, soccer, and basketball
- Improper shoe gear that is either too small or too large
- Repetitive pressure or trauma to the feet
- Poor foot hygiene
- Abnormal gait
- Foot or toe deformities, such as bunions and hammertoes
- Congenital toenail deformity
- Abnormally long toes
- Fungus infection of the nails (onychomycosis)
- Soft tissue or bony tumors of the toes
- Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating of the feet)
- Edema of the lower extremities
Which nails are most commonly affected by ingrown toenails?
Ingrown toenails most commonly occur in the large or "great toes." However, any of the toenails can be affected on either border or side.
What causes infections in ingrown toenails?
The warm, moist environment of the feet can be a breeding ground for bacteria and fungi. These commonly include Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, dermatophytes, Candida, and Trichophyton. When there is a break in the skin from the offending nail border, these organisms can invade the area and cause an infection. Treatment for these infections is essential to maintain healthy toenails and feet.
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