Insect Sting Allergies (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Stinging insect allergy facts
- What are stinging insects?
- What types of insect sting reactions occur?
- What are signs and symptoms of insect sting allergies?
- Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
- What tests do doctors use to diagnose an insect sting allergy?
- What specialists treat insect sting allergies?
- What is the treatment for a severe allergic reaction?
- Are there home remedies for insect sting allergies?
- How can I avoid insect stings?
- What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?
- What is the prognosis for an insect sting allergy?
- Find a local Asthma & Allergy Specialist in your town
What tests do doctors use to diagnose an insect sting allergy?
In a person with a known insect sting allergy, the presence of the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction following a sting or bite is typically sufficient to establish the diagnosis of an allergic reaction.
A person who is unsure whether or not they have an allergy to stinging insects can consult an allergist/immunologist physician for testing. Two types of tests, skin tests and blood tests, can be used to determine whether or not you have an allergy to specific types of stinging insects. Skin testing involves placing a sample of the insect venom on or slightly under the top level of skin and observing the area for signs of an allergic reaction. Blood testing involves a test called a radioallergosorbent test (RAST) to determine the amount of IgE antibodies in your blood to a specific substance.
What specialists treat insect sting allergies?
Allergy specialists and immunologists are physicians specialized in diagnosing allergies and prescribing allergy injection therapy for stinging-insect allergy (see below). The actual allergic reaction itself may be treated by emergency-medicine or primary-care physicians, including pediatricians, internists, or family practitioners.
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