Interstitial Cystitis (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Interstitial cystitis (IC)/painful bladder syndrome (PBS) facts
- Overview of urinary function
- What is interstitial cystitis (IC)/painful bladder syndrome (PBS)?
- What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
- What are risk factors for interstitial cystitis?
- What are interstitial cystitis symptoms and signs?
- What types of doctors treat interstitial cystitis?
- How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for interstitial cystitis?
- Are there home remedies for interstitial cystitis?
- Are lifestyle modifications of value in the management of interstitial cystitis?
- What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
- Is it possible to prevent interstitial cystitis?
- Where can people find more information about IC/PBS?
- Find a local Urologist in your town
Are there home remedies for interstitial cystitis?
There are a number of home remedies and self-care techniques that many people have found to be of benefit in controlling the symptoms of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. These include limiting the consumption of certain foods, smoking cessation, exercise, and bladder training. These methods are described in more detail in the section below.
Are lifestyle modifications of value in the management of interstitial cystitis?
There is no scientific evidence linking diet to IC/PBS, but doctors and patients believe that certain foods, including alcohol, spices, chocolate, and caffeinated and citrus beverages, may contribute to bladder irritation and inflammation. Foods containing acid, for example, carbonated beverages, tomatoes, vitamin C, citrus fruits and beverages, vinegar, cranberries, strawberries, grapes, guava, mango, and pineapple also are believed to aggravate IC/PBS. Other foods that may increase symptoms because they contain the natural chemical tyramine include wine, beer, cheese, nuts, yogurt, bananas, soy sauce, chicken livers, raisins, sour cream, avocados, canned figs, corned beef, fava beans, brewers' yeast, and chocolate.
Some patients with IC/PBS also have noticed a worsening of symptoms after eating or drinking products containing artificial sweeteners. Patients may try eliminating such products from their diet and, if there is a reduction of symptoms, they can reintroduce them one at a time to determine which product seems to be aggravating their symptoms.
Many IC/PBS patients feel that regular exercise helps relieve symptoms and, in some cases, hastens remission.
People who have found some relief from pain may then be able to reduce frequency using bladder training techniques. Methods vary but basically the patient decides to urinate at designated times and uses relaxation techniques and distractions to help keep to the schedule. Gradually, the patient lengthens the time between urinations. A diary usually is helpful in keeping track of progress.
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