Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)
Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.
In this Article
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) facts
- What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and signs?
- How is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosed?
- What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) treatments?
- IBS medications
- Is there an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diet?
- What lifestyle changes may help IBS symptoms?
- Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
- What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- Find a local Gastroenterologist in your town
What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and signs?
Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized mostly by abdominal pain and cramping. Other IBS symptoms and signs include
- diarrhea or constipation;
- increased gas;
- abdominal swelling or bloating;
- cramping pain after eating certain foods;
- mucousy or foamy stool;
- symptoms are often relieved by bowel movements;
- women with IBS may have more symptoms during their menstrual periods;
- unexplained weight loss.
How is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosed?
Irritable bowel syndrome is diagnosed by excluding other GI disorders that can cause similar symptoms. A complete history and physical is taken to determine the duration and frequency of symptoms. To be diagnosed with IBS, the duration of symptoms should be at least six months, and should occur at least three times a month.
A doctor may order tests, including blood tests, stool tests, X-rays, or CT scans. There is no specific finding on these tests that can confirm the diagnosis of IBS, however, other problems can be ruled out by performing them.
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