Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)
Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.
In this Article
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) definition
- What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- How is the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) made?
- What are the treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What medications are used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What about IBS and diet?
- Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
- What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- Find a local Gastroenterologist in your town
What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Irritable bowel syndrome is characterized mostly by abdominal pain and cramping. Other symptoms include:
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Increased gas
- Abdominal swelling or bloating
- Cramping pain after eating certain foods
- Mucousy or foamy stool
- Symptoms are often relieved by bowel movements
How is the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) made?
Irritable bowel syndrome is diagnosed by excluding other GI disorders that can cause similar symptoms. A complete history and physical is taken to determine the duration and frequency of symptoms. To be diagnosed with IBS, the duration of symptoms should be at least six months, and should occur at least three times a month.
Your doctor may order tests including blood tests, stool tests, X-rays, or CT scans. There is no specific finding on these tests that can confirm the diagnosis of IBS, however, other problems can be ruled out by performing them.
Your doctor may also send you to a gastroenterologist (a specialist for the digestive system). Depending on your symptoms an upper endoscopy and/or colonoscopy may be performed.
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