July 30, 2015
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (cont.)

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What are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) treatments?

Dietary modifications are the first treatment that should be tried to treat IBS. There are several types of foods in particular that often trigger IBS symptoms and signs (read IBS diet).

If dietary modifications and lifestyle changes do not adequately treat IBS symptoms and signs, a doctor may recommend medical therapies.

IBS medications

  • Over-the-counter laxatives help relieve constipation and keep bowel movements regular.
  • Antidiarrheal medications such as loperamide (Imodium), attapulgite (Kaopectate), and diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil) can be helpful if loose stool is one of the main symptoms.
  • Antispasmodics, such as metoclopramide (Reglan), dicyclomine (Bentyl) and hyoscyamine (Levsin), decrease symptoms of pain and cramping.
  • Antidepressants in low doses, such as tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may help relieve symptoms associated with IBS.
  • Two drugs specifically used to treat IBS are lubiprostone (Amitiza), a laxative, and linaclotide (Linzess), a constipation medication.
  • For females with IBS who experience severe diarrhea, alosetron (Lotronex) has been used.
  • Antibiotics may be used when small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is suspected.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/29/2015

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/irritable_bowel_syndrome_ibs/article.htm

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