Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)
Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.
In this Article
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) definition
- What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- How is the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) made?
- What are the treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What medications are used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What about IBS and diet?
- Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
- What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- Find a local Gastroenterologist in your town
What medications are used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
If dietary modifications do not adequately treat IBS symptoms, your doctor may recommend medical therapies.
Medications to treat IBS
- Laxatives help relieve constipation and keeps bowel movements regular
- Anti-diarrheal medications such as loperamide (Imodium), Kaopectate, and diphenoxylate/atropine (Lomotil) if loose stool is one of the main symptoms
- Antispasmodics, such as metoclopramide (Reglan), dicyclomine (Bentyl) and hyoscyamine (Levsin), decrease symptoms of pain and cramping
- Antidepressants in low doses, such as tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may help relieve symptoms associated with IBS
- Two drugs specifically used to treat IBS are lubiprostone (Amitiza), a laxative, and linaclotide (Linzess), a constipation medication
- For females with IBS who experience severe diarrhea, alosetron (Lotronex) has been used
- Antibiotics may be used when small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is suspected
Next: What about IBS and diet?
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