April 24, 2017
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (cont.)

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What natural and home remedies or other lifestyle changes may help IBS symptoms and signs?

Some lifestyle changes that can also help relieve symptoms are:

Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is considered one of the factors that may produce signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The medical data from studies done on SIBO are conflicting.

Some studies show an increase in gas production by intestinal bacteria as a cause of the pain and bloating associated with IBS. However, other studies done to determine if SIBO is the cause of IBS and if antibiotic treatment of SIBO is helpful in reducing or eliminating IBS symptoms have not been conclusive.

What are potential complications of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

In general, there are few complications associated with this functional disease other than the symptoms of the disease itself. If someone has hemorrhoids, the diarrhea and constipation associated with IBS may irritate them. Also, too strict a diet that limits nutrients could cause problems related to lack of proper nutrition.

The biggest complication of IBS may be on the quality of life. The stress and anxiety as well as the impact on daily activities the condition can cause may be troublesome for patients.

IBS does not lead to colon cancer, rectal bleeding, or inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis.

Which specialties of doctors treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

A primary-care provider or family-medicine specialist or a child's pediatrician may first diagnose irritable bowel syndrome. You will likely be referred to a gastroenterologist (a specialist in disorders of the digestive system) for further treatment.

Is it possible to prevent irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

It may not be possible to prevent developing IBS, but you can take steps to prevent symptoms for occurring or worsening. As discussed earlier, dietary and lifestyle changes can help you manage symptoms. To identify food triggers, your doctor may suggest that you keep a food diary and avoid foods that cause symptoms. Manage stress and anxiety, and try cognitive therapy or psychotherapy if needed.

What is the prognosis for a person with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic disease with symptoms that tend to come and go. The overall prognosis for patients with IBS depends on the severity and frequency of symptoms, and the patient's ability to control these symptoms, whether by diet, lifestyle changes, or medications.

There is no known cure for IBS, but there are many treatment options to reduce or eliminate symptoms. Good communication with a doctor is important to help manage this condition.

REFERENCES:

Arvanitis, Michael. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. <https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/irritable-bowel-syndrome-0>.

Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America. "IBS and IBD: Two Very Different Disorders." Published June 2012.
<http://www.ccfa.org/resources/ibs-and-ibd-two-very.html>

Dalton, Christine B., and Douglas A. Drossman. "The Use of Antidepressants in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Other Functional GI Disorders." UNC Center for Functional GI & Motility Disorders. <https://www.med.unc.edu/ibs/files/educational-gi-handouts/IBS%20and%20Antidepressants.pdf>.

El-Salhy, M. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Diagnosis and Pathogenesis." World J Gastroenterol 18.37 Oct. 7, 2012: 5151-5163.

Lehrer, J., MD. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." Medscape. Updated Oct 10, 2016.
<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/180389-overview>

International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. About IBS.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. "Eating, Diet, and Nutrition for Irritable Bowel Syndrome." Updated: Fe 23, 2015.
<https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/eating-diet-nutrition.aspx>

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)."
<https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/overview.aspx>

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. "Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Irritable Bowel Syndrome." February 2015.
<https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome/eating-diet-nutrition>

Owens, D.M., et al. "The Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Long-Term Prognosis and the Physician-Patient Interaction." Ann Intern Med. 122.2 Jan. 1995: 107-112.

Rahimi, Roja, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Ali Rezaie, and Mohammad Abdollahi. "Efficacy of Tricyclic Antidepressants in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Meta-Analysis." World J Gastroenterol 15.13 Apr. 7 2009: 1548-1553.

Reid, Amy. "12 Home Remedies For Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs)." July, 21 2015.
<http://olwomen.com/home-remedies-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs/>

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. "Treatment for Irritable Bowel Syndrome." February 2015.
<https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome/treatment>

Tuteja, Ashok K., Nicholas J. Talley, Sandra K. Joos, and David H. Hickam. "Overlap of functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome in a community sample." American Journal of Gastroenterology 98, S272 Sept. 2003. <http://www.nature.com/ajg/journal/v98/n9s/full/ajg20031460a.html>.

United States. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children." June 2014. <http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/ibs-in-children/Pages/facts.aspx>

United States. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. "Symptoms and Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome." <http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/symptoms-causes.aspx>.

University of Maryland Medical Center. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." Jan. 11, 2014. <http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/irritable-bowel-syndrome>.

Wald, Arnold. "Patient Information: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Beyond the Basics)." UpToDate.com. Feb. 2016. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/irritable-bowel-syndrome-beyond-the-basics>.

Walters, Julian R.F. "Managing Bile Acid Diarrhoea." Therap Adv Gastroenterol 3.6 Nov. 2010: 349-357. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3002596/>.

Wald, A., MD. "Pathophysiology of Irritable Bowel Syndrome." UpToDate. Updated: Aug 11, 2016.
<http://www.uptodate.com/contents/pathophysiology-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome>


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/27/2017

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/irritable_bowel_syndrome_ibs/article.htm

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