Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)
Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.
In this Article
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) definition
- What causes irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- How is the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) made?
- What are the treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What medications are used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- What about IBS and diet?
- Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
- What is the prognosis for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
- Find a local Gastroenterologist in your town
What about IBS and diet?
What you eat and how you eat can affect your symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Certain foods may trigger your IBS symptoms. To help figure out which foods cause your symptoms, your doctor may suggest you keep a food diary.
Avoid or limit:
- Dairy products including milk and cheese. Lactose intolerance symptoms can be similar to IBS symptoms.
- Certain vegetables that increase gas (such as cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts), and legumes (such as beans).
- Fatty or fried foods
- Alcohol, caffeine, or soda
- Foods high in sugars
- Artificial sweeteners
- Chewing gum
Some foods can help lessen symptoms. Foods to incorporate into your diet include:
- Dietary fiber supplements
- Low-fat foods
- High carbohydrate foods (such as whole wheat pasta, brown rice, and whole grain breads)
Some lifestyle changes can also help relieve symptoms, including:
- Eating smaller, more frequent meals
- Smoking cessation
- Regular exercise
- Stress management and relaxation techniques
Is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) related to small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)?
Small bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is considered one of the factors that may produce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The medical data from studies done on SIBO are conflicting.
Some studies show an increase in gas production by intestinal bacteria as a cause of the pain and bloating associated with IBS. However, other studies done to determine if SIBO is the cause of IBS, and if antibiotic treatment of SIBO is helpful in reducing or eliminating IBS symptoms have not been conclusive.
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