Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Triggers, Prevention (cont.)
In this Article
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) triggers and prevention introduction
- Diet triggers for IBS constipation
- Diet triggers for IBS diarrhea
- Stress and anxiety triggers for IBS
- Drugs that can trigger IBS
- Menstrual triggers for IBS
- Other triggers for IBS
- Find a local Doctor in your town
4. Drugs That Can Trigger IBS
Some drugs can trigger spasms of the colon and symptoms of IBS. These spasms can lead to constipation or diarrhea.
- Antibiotics, especially after prolonged use
- Medicine containing sorbitol, such as cough syrup
- Talk with your doctor about switching to a drug that won't worsen your IBS
symptoms. Don't stop taking a drug without consulting with your doctor.
- If an antidepressant is worsening your diarrhea or constipation, talk with your doctor about switching medicine. Older antidepressants (called tricyclic antidepressants) can cause constipation. One type of newer antidepressant (called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which include Prozac and Zoloft) can cause diarrhea. Your doctor can help you find an antidepressant that will not worsen your IBS symptoms.
5. Menstrual Triggers for IBS
Studies show that women with IBS tend to have worse symptoms during their periods. There's not a lot of information about preventing this type of trigger, but doctors may recommend certain strategies to ease pain and discomfort during your period.
- Oral contraceptives. Some brand names are Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Lo/Ovral, and
Alesse. These drugs can regularize periods. Side effects may include upset
stomach cramps or bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Work
with your doctor to find a pill that works for you without causing side effects.
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) drugs. These include drugs also used to treat depression, such as Sarafem, Paxil CR, and Zoloft. PMDD is a severe form of PMS. These drugs adjust levels of serotonin, a brain chemical thought to be out of balance during certain phases of a woman's cycle.
Next: Other triggers for IBS
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