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IUD (cont.)

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What are the side effects of an IUD?

Side effects of the IUD are limited primarily to the uterus and include:

It is also possible for the IUD to pass through (perforate) the uterine wall and enter the abdominal cavity, where it must be retrieved surgically. Perforation of or trauma to the uterus by the IUD occurs in 1/1,000 insertions.

What are warning signs and symptoms of possible complications from an IUD?

Warning signs of possible complications from an IUD include:

  • abdominal pain,
  • heavy bleeding,
  • abnormal spotting or bleeding, and
  • a smelly vaginal discharge.

If a woman experiences any of these signs, she should contact her health care professional.

What are the types of IUDs (Paragard, Mirena, Skyla)?

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) that are available in the US come in two different types: 1) copper-releasing, or 2) progesterone-releasing.

  1. The TCu380A (Paragard) is a copper-containing IUD. It releases copper from a copper wire that is wrapped around the base. The released copper contributes to an inflammatory reaction in the uterus that helps prevent fertilization of the egg. It is approved to remain in place for up to 10 years.
  2. Levonorgestrel-releasing IUD (Mirena or Skyla): This form of IUD releases a progestin hormone from the vertical part of the T. Progestin acts to thicken cervical mucus, creating a barrier to sperm, as well as renders the lining of the uterus inhospitable to implantation of a pregnancy. The two brand named IUDs in this category contain different amounts of the hormone. Mirena is approved for up to five years of use, and Skyla for up to three years.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/18/2015

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Birth Control - IUDs Question: Do you or your partner use an intrauterine device for birth control? Have you found it effective?
Birth Control - IUD complications Question: Did you experience any complications with your IUD? Please describe them.
Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/iud/article.htm

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