November 30, 2015
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IUD (cont.)

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What are the side effects of an IUD?

Side effects of the IUD are limited primarily to the uterus and include:

  • cramps,
  • spotting,
  • heavy menstrual flow,
  • infection,
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and
  • infertility.

It is also possible for the IUD to pass through (perforate) the uterine wall and enter the abdominal cavity, where it must be retrieved surgically. Perforation of or trauma to the uterus by the IUD occurs in 1/1,000 insertions.

What are warning signs and symptoms of possible complications from an IUD?

Warning signs of possible complications from an IUD include:

  • abdominal pain,
  • heavy bleeding,
  • abnormal spotting or bleeding, and
  • a smelly vaginal discharge.

If a woman experiences any of these signs, she should contact her health care professional.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/26/2015


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