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IUD (cont.)

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What are the advantages of an IUD?

The advantages of the IUD include the fact that it is highly effective in preventing conception, is reversible, and starts working almost immediately. A woman with an IUD does not need to use other birth control methods before she has sexual intercourse, and once the IUD is removed, there is a quick return to fertility. The levonorgestrel-releasing IUD (99% effectiveness) is replaced every three to five years. The copper IUD is also 99% effective and only needs to be replaced every 10 years.

How is an IUD removed?

An IUD must be removed by a health care professional. It is very important that a woman not attempt to remove an IUD on her own, as serious problems may result. IUD removal is carried out by determining the position of the uterus, then locating and grasping the stings of the IUD with a special forceps or clamp. The health care professional will then remove the IUD by gentle traction on the strings.

Occasionally, the strings of the IUD will not be located. In these situations, the strings have often slipped higher into the cervical canal. Your health care professional can use special instruments to locate the strings and/or remove the IUD. Complications of IUD removal are rare, and removal can take place at any time. Some studies have shown that removal is easier during the menstrual period, when a woman's cervix is typically softer, than during other times in the menstrual cycle.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/18/2015

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Birth Control - IUDs Question: Do you or your partner use an intrauterine device for birth control? Have you found it effective?
Birth Control - IUD complications Question: Did you experience any complications with your IUD? Please describe them.
Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/iud/article.htm

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