March 28, 2017
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Junel FE

"Researchers say a hormone contraceptive injection for men is effective at preventing pregnancy “ but stopped their trial because of too many side effects.

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Junel Fe




Indications
Dosage
How Supplied

INDICATIONS

Junel® 21 and Junel® Fe 28 are indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use oral contraceptives as a method of contraception.

Oral contraceptives are highly effective. Table I lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception. The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, depends upon the reliability with which they are used. Correct and consistent use of methods can result in lower failure rates.

TABLE I : LOWEST EXPECTED AND TYPICAL FAILURE RATES DURING THE FIRST YEAR OF CONTINUOUS USE OF A METHOD

Method Lowest Expected* Typical†
(No contraception) (85) (85)
Oral contraceptives   3
combined 0.1 N/A‡
progestin only 0.5 N/A‡
Diaphragm with spermicidal cream or jelly 6 20
Spermicides alone (foam, creams, gels, vaginal suppositories ,and vaginal film) 6 26
Vaginal Sponge
nulliparous 9 20
parous 20 40
Implant 0.05 0.05
Injection: depot medroxyprogesterone acetate 0.3 0.3
IUD
progesterone T 1.5 2.0
copper T 380A 0.6 0.8
LNg 20 0.1 0.1
Condom without spermicides
female 5 21
male 3 14
Cervical Cap with spermicidal cream or jelly 9 20
nulliparous parous 26 40
Periodic abstinence (all methods) 1 to 9 25
Withdrawal 4 19
Female sterilization 0.5 0.5
Male sterilization 0.10 0.15
Adapted from RA Hatcher et al, Reference 7.
*The authors' best guess of the percentage of women expected to experience an accidental pregnancy among couples who initiate a method (not necessarily for the first time) and who use it consistently and correctly during the first year if they do not stop for any other reason.
†This term represents “typical” couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time), who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason.
‡N/A--Data not available

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The tablet dispenser has been designed to make oral contraceptive dosing as easy and as convenient as possible. The tablets are arranged in either three or four rows of seven tablets each, with the days of the week appearing on the tablet dispenser above the first row of tablets.

Note: Each tablet dispenser has been preprinted with the days of the week, starting with Sunday, to facilitate a Sunday-Start regimen. Six different days of the week stickers have been provided with the Detailed Patient & Brief Summary Patient Package Insert in order to accommodate a Day 1 Start regimen. If the patient is using the Day 1 Start regimen, she should place the self-adhesive days of the week sticker that corresponds to her starting day over the preprinted days.

Important: The patient should be instructed to use an additional method of protection until after the first week of administration in the initial cycle when utilizing the Sunday-Start regimen.

The possibility of ovulation and conception prior to initiation of use should be considered.

Dosage And Administration For 21 Day Dosage Regimen

To achieve maximum contraceptive effectiveness, Junel® 21 must be taken exactly as directed and at intervals not exceeding 24 hours.

Junel® 21 provides the patient with a convenient tablet schedule of “3 weeks on --1 week off”. Two dosage regimens are described, one of which may be more convenient or suitable than the other for an individual patient. For the initial cycle of therapy, the patient begins her tablets according to the Day 1 Start or Sunday-Start regimen. With either regimen, the patient takes one tablet daily for 21 consecutive days followed by one week of no tablets.

  1. Sunday Start Regimen: The patient begins taking tablets from the top row on the first Sunday after menstrual flow begins. When menstrual flow begins on Sunday, the first tablet is taken on the same day. The last tablet in the dispenser will then be taken on a Saturday, followed by no tablets for a week (7 days). For all subsequent cycles, the patient then begins a new 21-tablet regimen on the eighth day, Sunday, after taking her last tablet. Following this regimen, of 21 days on--7 days off, the patient will start all subsequent cycles on a Sunday.
  2. Day 1 Regimen: The first day of menstrual flow is Day 1. The patient places the self-adhesive days of the week sticker that corresponds to her starting day over the preprinted days on the blister card. She starts taking one tablet daily, beginning with the first tablet in the top row. The patient completes her 21-tablet regimen when she has taken the last tablet in the tablet dispenser. She will then take no tablets for a week (7 days). For all subsequent cycles, the patient begins a new 21-tablet regimen on the eighth day after taking her last tablet, again starting with the first tablet in the top row after placing the appropriate days of the week sticker over the preprinted days on the tablet dispenser. Following this regimen of 21 days on--7 days off, the patient will start all subsequent cycles on the same day of the week as the first course. Likewise, the interval of no tablets will always start on the same day of the week. Tablets should be taken regularly with a meal or at bedtime. It should be stressed that efficacy of medication depends on strict adherence to the dosage schedule.

Special Notes On Administration

Menstruation usually begins two or three days, but may begin as late as the fourth or fifth day, after discontinuing medication. If spotting occurs while on the usual regimen of one tablet daily, the patient should continue medication without interruption.

If a patient forgets to take one or more tablets, the following is suggested:

One tablet is missed

  • take tablet as soon as remembered
  • take next tablet at the regular time

Two consecutive tablets are missed (week 1 or week 2)

  • take two tablets as soon as remembered
  • take two tablets the next day
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets

Two consecutive tablets are missed (week 3)

Sunday Start Regimen
  • take one tablet daily until Sunday
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets immediately (Sunday)
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets
Day 1 Start Regimen
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets that same day
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets

Three (or more) consecutive tablets are missed

Sunday Start Regimen
  • take one tablet daily until Sunday
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets immediately (Sunday)
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets
Day 1 Start Regimen
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets that same day
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets

The possibility of ovulation occurring increases with each successive day that scheduled tablets are missed. While there is little likelihood of ovulation occurring if only one tablet is missed, the possibility of spotting or bleeding is increased. This is particularly likely to occur if two or more consecutive tablets are missed.

In the rare case of bleeding which resembles menstruation, the patient should be advised to discontinue medication and then begin taking tablets from a new tablet dispenser on the next Sunday or the first day (Day 1) depending on her regimen. Persistent bleeding which is not controlled by this method indicates the need for reexamination of the patient, at which time nonfunctional causes should be considered.

Dosage And Administration For 28 Day Dosage Regimen

To achieve maximum contraceptive effectiveness, Junel® Fe 28 must be taken exactly as directed and at intervals not exceeding 24 hours.

Junel® Fe 28 provides a continuous administration regimen consisting of 21 light yellow or pink tablets of Junel® and 7 brown nonhormone containing tablets of ferrous fumarate. The ferrous fumarate tablets are present to facilitate ease of drug administration via a 28-day regimen and do not serve any therapeutic purpose. There is no need for the patient to count days between cycles because there are no “off-tablet days.”

  • Sunday Start Regimen: The patient begins taking the first light yellow or pink tablet from the top row of the dispenser (labeled Sunday) on the first Sunday after menstrual flow begins. When menstrual flow begins on Sunday, the first light yellow or pink tablet is taken on the same day. The patient takes one light yellow or pink tablet daily for 21 days. The last light yellow or pink tablet in the dispenser will be taken on a Saturday. Upon completion of all 21 light yellow or pink tablets, and without interruption, the patient takes one brown tablet daily for 7 days. Upon completion of this first course of tablets, the patient begins a second course of 28-tablets, without interruption, the next day (Sunday), starting with the Sunday light yellow or pink tablet in the top row. Adhering to this regimen of one light yellow or pink tablet daily for 21 days, followed without interruption by one brown tablet daily for seven days, the patient will start all subsequent cycles on a Sunday.
  • Day 1 Regimen: The first day of menstrual flow is Day 1. The patient places the self-adhesive days of the week sticker that corresponds to her starting day over the preprinted days on the blister card. She starts taking one light yellow or pink tablet daily, beginning with the first light yellow or pink tablet in the top row. After the last light yellow or pink tablet (at the end of the third row) has been taken, the patient will then take the brown tablets for a week (7 days). For all subsequent cycles, the patient begins a new 28 tablet regimen on the eighth day after taking her last light yellow or pink tablet, again starting with the first tablet in the top row after placing the appropriate days of the week sticker over the preprinted days on the tablet dispenser. Following this regimen of 21 light yellow or pink tablets and 7 brown tablets, the patient will start all subsequent cycles on the same day of the week as the first course.

Tablets should be taken regularly with a meal or at bedtime. It should be stressed that efficacy of medication depends on strict adherence to the dosage schedule.

Special Notes On Administration

Menstruation usually begins two or three days, but may begin as late as the fourth or fifth day, after the brown tablets have been started. In any event, the next course of tablets should be started without interruption. If spotting occurs while the patient is taking light yellow or pink tablets, continue medication without interruption.

If a patient forgets to take one or more light yellow or pink tablets, the following is suggested:

One tablet is missed

  • take tablet as soon as remembered
  • take next tablet at the regular time

Two consecutive tablets are missed (week 1 or week 2)

  • take two tablets as soon as remembered
  • take two tablets the next day
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets

Two consecutive tablets are missed (week 3)

Sunday Start Regimen
  • take one tablet daily until Sunday
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets immediately (Sunday)
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets
Day 1 Start Regimen
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets that same day
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets

Three (or more) consecutive tablets are missed

Sunday Start Regimen
  • take one tablet daily until Sunday
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets immediately (Sunday)
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets
Day 1 Start Regimen
  • discard remaining tablets
  • start new pack of tablets that same day
  • use another birth control method for seven days following the missed tablets

The possibility of ovulation occurring increases with each successive day that scheduled light yellow or pink tablets are missed. While there is little likelihood of ovulation occurring if only one light yellow or pink tablet is missed, the possibility of spotting or bleeding is increased. This is particularly likely to occur if two or more consecutive light yellow or pink tablets are missed.

If the patient forgets to take any of the seven brown tablets in week four, those brown tablets that were missed are discarded and one brown tablet is taken each day until the pack is empty. A back-up birth control method is not required during this time. A new pack of tablets should be started no later than the eighth day after the last light yellow or pink tablet was taken.

In the rare case of bleeding which resembles menstruation, the patient should be advised to discontinue medication and then begin taking tablets from a new tablet dispenser on the next Sunday or the first day (Day-1), depending on her regimen. Persistent bleeding which is not controlled by this method indicates the need for reexamination of the patient, at which time nonfunctional causes should be considered.

Use of Oral Contraceptives in the Event of a Missed Menstrual Period

  • If the patient has not adhered to the prescribed dosage regimen, the possibility of pregnancy should be considered after the first missed period and oral contraceptives should be withheld until pregnancy has been ruled out.
  • If the patient has adhered to the prescribed regimen and misses two consecutive periods, pregnancy should be ruled out before continuing the contraceptive regimen.

After several months on treatment, bleeding may be reduced to a point of virtual absence. This reduced flow may occur as a result of medication, in which event it is not indicative of pregnancy.

HOW SUPPLIED

Junel® 1/20 (21 Tablets ) (norethindrone acetate 1 mg and ethinyl estradiol 20 mcg tablets, USP) are packaged in cartons of three blister cards. Each card contains 21 light yellow, round, flat-faced, beveled-edge, unscored tablets debossed with stylized b on one side and 977 on the other side. (NDC 0555-9025-42).

Junel® Fe 1/20 (28 Tablets ) (norethindrone acetate 1 mg and ethinyl estradiol 20 mcg tablets, USP, and ferrous fumarate tablets) are packaged in cartons of six blister cards. Each card contains 21 light yellow, round, flat-faced, beveled-edge, unscored tablets debossed with stylized b on one side and 977 on the other side and 7 brown, round, flat-faced, beveled-edge, unscored tablets debossed with stylized b on one side and 247 on the other side. Each brown tablet contains 75 mg ferrous fumarate. The ferrous fumarate tablets are present to facilitate ease of drug administration via a 28-day regimen, are non-hormonal, and do not serve any therapeutic purpose. (NDC 0555-9026-58).

Junel® 1.5/30 (21 Tablets ) (norethindrone acetate 1.5 mg and ethinyl estradiol 30 mcg tablets, USP) are packaged in cartons of three blister cards. Each card contains 21 pink, round, flat-faced, bevelededge, unscored tablets debossed with stylized b on one side and 978 on the other side. (NDC 0555- 9027-42).

Junel® Fe 1.5/30 (28 Tablets ) (norethindrone acetate 1.5 mg and ethinyl estradiol 30 mcg tablets, USP, and ferrous fumarate tablets) are packaged in cartons of six blister cards. Each card contains 21 pink, round, flat-faced, beveled-edge, unscored tablets debossed with stylized b on one side and 978 on the other side and 7 brown, round, flat-faced, beveled-edge, unscored tablets debossed with stylized b on one side and 247 on the other side. Each brown tablet contains 75 mg ferrous fumarate. The ferrous fumarate tablets are present to facilitate ease of drug administration via a 28-day regimen, are nonhormonal, and do not serve any therapeutic purpose. (NDC 0555-9028-58).

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

The patient labeling for oral contraceptive drug products is set forth below:

This product (like all oral contraceptives ) is intended to prevent pregnancy. It does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.

REFERENCES

7. Hatcher RA, et al. 1998. Contraceptive Technology, Sixteenth Edition. New York: Irvington Publishers.

Teva Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA 18960. Revised: June 2011

This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Last reviewed on RxList: 9/19/2016

Indications
Dosage
How Supplied

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