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Kapidex

"The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a name change for the heartburn drug Kapidex (dexlansoprazole) to avoid confusion with two other medications “ Casodex and Kadian. Effective in late April 2010, Takeda Pharmaceuticals North Ameri"...

Kapidex Delayed Release Capsules

Side Effects
Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

The safety of KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) was evaluated in 4548 patients in controlled and uncontrolled clinical studies, including 863 patients treated for at least 6 months and 203 patients treated for one year. Patients ranged in age from 18 to 90 years (median age 48 years), with 54% female, 85% Caucasian, 8% Black, 4% Asian, and 3% other races. Six randomized controlled clinical trials were conducted for the treatment of EE, maintenance of healed EE, and symptomatic GERD, which included 896 patients on placebo, 455 patients on KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) 30 mg, 2218 patients on KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) 60 mg, and 1363 patients on lansoprazole 30 mg once daily.

As clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Most Commonly Reported Adverse Reactions

The most common adverse reactions ( ≥ 2%) that occurred at a higher incidence for KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) than placebo in the controlled studies are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Reactions in Controlled Studies

Adverse
Reaction
Placebo
(N=896)%
KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules)
30 mg
(N=4 55)
%
KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules)
60 mg
(N=2218)
%
KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules)
Total
(N=2621)
%
Lansoprazole
30 mg
(N=1363)
%
Diarrhea 2.9 5.1 4.7 4.8 3.2
Abdominal Pain 3.5 3.5 4.0 4.0 2.6
Nausea 2.6 3.3 2.8 2.9 1.8
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection 0.8 2.9 1.7 1.9 0.8
Vomiting 0.8 2.2 1.4 1.6 1.1
Flatulence 0.6 2.6 1.4 1.6 1.2

Adverse Reactions Resulting in Discontinuation

In controlled clinical studies, the most common adverse reaction leading to discontinuation from KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) therapy was diarrhea (0.7%).

Other Adverse Reactions

Other adverse reactions that were reported in controlled studies at an incidence of less than 2% are listed below by body system:

Blood and Lymphatic System Disorders: anemia, lymphadenopathy

Cardiac Disorders: angina, arrhythmia, bradycardia, chest pain, edema, myocardial infarction, palpitation, tachycardia

Ear and Labyrinth Disorders: ear pain, tinnitus, vertigo

Endocrine Disorders: goiter

Eye Disorders: eye irritation, eye swelling

Gastrointestinal Disorders: abdominal discomfort, abdominal tenderness, abnormal feces, anal discomfort, Barrett's esophagus, bezoar, bowel sounds abnormal, breath odor, colitis microscopic, colonic polyp, constipation, dry mouth, duodenitis, dyspepsia, dysphagia, enteritis, eructation, esophagitis, gastric polyp, gastritis, gastroenteritis, gastrointestinal disorders, gastrointestinal hypermotility disorders, GERD, GI ulcers and perforation, hematemesis, hematochezia, hemorrhoids, impaired gastric emptying, irritable bowel syndrome, mucus stools, nausea and vomiting, oral mucosal blistering, painful defecation, proctitis, paresthesia oral, rectal hemorrhage

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: adverse drug reaction, asthenia, chest pain, chills, feeling abnormal, inflammation, mucosal inflammation, nodule, pain, pyrexia

Hepatobiliary Disorders: biliary colic, cholelithiasis, hepatomegaly

Immune System Disorders: hypersensitivity

Infections and Infestations: candida infections, influenza, nasopharyngitis, oral herpes, pharyngitis, sinusitis, viral infection, vulvo-vaginal infection

Injury, Poisoning and Procedural Complications: falls, fractures, joint sprains, overdose, procedural pain, sunburn

Laboratory Investigations: ALP increased, ALT increased, AST increased, bilirubin decreased/increased, blood creatinine increased, blood gastrin increased, blood glucose increased, blood potassium increased, liver function test abnormal, platelet count decreased, total protein increased, weight increase

Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: appetite changes, hypercalcemia, hypokalemia

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: arthralgia, arthritis, muscle cramps, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia

Nervous System Disorders: altered taste, convulsion, dizziness, headaches, migraine, memory impairment, paresthesia, psychomotor hyperactivity, tremor, trigeminal neuralgia

Psychiatric Disorders: abnormal dreams, anxiety, depression, insomnia, libido changes

Renal and Urinary Disorders: dysuria, micturition urgency

Reproductive System and Breast Disorders: dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, menorrhagia, menstrual disorder

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: aspiration, asthma, bronchitis, cough, dyspnoea, hiccups, hyperventilation, respiratory tract congestion, sore throat

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: acne, dermatitis, erythema, pruritis, rash, skin lesion, urticaria

Vascular Disorders: deep vein thrombosis, hot flush, hypertension

Additional adverse reactions that were reported in a long-term uncontrolled study and were considered related to KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) by the treating physician included: anaphylaxis, auditory hallucination, B-cell lymphoma, central obesity, cholecystitis acute, decreased hemoglobin, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, dysphonia, epistaxis, folliculitis, gastrointestinal pain, gout, herpes zoster, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, increased neutrophils, MCHC decrease, neutropenia, oral soft tissue disorder, rectal tenesmus, restless legs syndrome, somnolence, thrombocythemia, tonsillitis.

Other adverse reactions not observed with KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) , but occurring with the racemate lansoprazole can be found in the lansoprazole package insert, ADVERSE REACTIONS section.

Postmarketing Experience

Adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval of KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) . As these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Eye Disorders: blurred vision

Gastrointestinal Disorders: oral edema

General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: facial edema

Immune System Disorders: anaphylactic shock (requiring emergency intervention),

Stevens-Johnsons syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis (some fatal)

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: pharyngeal edema, throat tightness

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: generalized rash, leucocytoclastic vasculitis

Read the Kapidex Delayed Release Capsules (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Drugs with pH-Dependent Absorption Pharmacokinetics

KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) causes inhibition of gastric acid secretion. KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) is likely to substantially decrease the systemic concentrations of the HIV protease inhibitor atazanavir, which is dependent upon the presence of gastric acid for absorption, and may result in a loss of therapeutic effect of atazanavir and the development of HIV resistance. Therefore, KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) should not be co-administered with atazanavir.

It is theoretically possible that KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) may interfere with the absorption of other drugs where gastric pH is an important determinant of oral bioavailability (e.g., ampicillin esters, digoxin, iron salts, ketoconazole).

Warfarin

Co-administration of KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) 90 mg and warfarin 25 mg did not affect the pharmacokinetics of warfarin or INR [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. However, there have been reports of increased INR and prothrombin time in patients receiving PPIs and warfarin concomitantly. Increases in INR and prothrombin time may lead to abnormal bleeding and even death. Patients treated with KAPIDEX (dexlansoprazole delayed release capsules) and warfarin concomitantly may need to be monitored for increases in INR and prothrombin time.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/14/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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