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KCL in D5W

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KCL in D5W

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

These intravenous solutions provide electrolytes and calories, and are a source of water for hydration. All are capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

Potassium, the principal cation of intracellular fluid, participates in carbohydrate utilization and protein synthesis, and is critical in the regulation of nerve conduction and muscle contraction, particularly in the heart.

Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Dextrose provides a source of calories. Dextrose is readily metabolized, may decrease losses of body protein and nitrogen, promotes glycogen deposition and decreases or prevents ketosis if sufficient doses are provided.

Last reviewed on RxList: 12/3/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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