July 31, 2015

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Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)

Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)

Kidney infection facts

  • Kidney infection is one of a number of infections that can involve the urinary tract.
  • Infection of the kidney is very common, especially in young females.
  • Causes of kidney infection are bacteria that have gained entry to the urinary tract, usually via the anus or vagina.
  • Risk factors for kidney infection are pregnancy, sexual intercourse, a history of urinary tract infection, spermicide use, kidney stones, use of urinary catheters, diabetes, and surgery or instrumentation of the urinary tract.
  • Kidney infections are not contagious.
  • Symptoms of kidney infection are
    • fever,
    • chills,
    • abdominal pain,
    • nausea,
    • vomiting,
    • painful urination, and
    • a need to urinate frequently.
  • Treatment of kidney infection involves oral or intravenous antibiotics.
  • Kidney infections can sometimes be prevented by changing urinary catheters frequently, good hygiene practices, and taking preventive antibiotics in certain people at high risk.
  • If treated early and adequately, kidney infection generally has a good outcome.
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Reviewed on 7/27/2015
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