Kidney Stones (cont.)
Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Dr. Ben Wedro practices emergency medicine at Gundersen Clinic, a regional trauma center in La Crosse, Wisconsin. His background includes undergraduate and medical studies at the University of Alberta, a Family Practice internship at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario and residency training in Emergency Medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is a kidney stone?
- What causes kidney stones?
- What are the different types of kidney stones?
- Who is at risk for kidney stones?
- What are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones?
- How are kidney stones diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for kidney stones?
- What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
- Can kidney stones be prevented?
- Pictures of Kidney Stones - Slideshow
- Pictures of Kidney Stones - Image Collection
- The 7 Wonders of Water - Slideshow
- Find a local Urologist in your town
What is the prognosis for kidney stones?
Most kidney stones (more than 80%) pass on their own. However, the recurrence rate is high and half the patients can expect to pass another stone within 10 years. For that reason, it is best to find out the type of stone to minimize the risk of future recurrences. Capturing the stone is the first step to find out the type. The stone can then be analyzed in the laboratory. Based upon the type of stone, further metabolic testing may be helpful.
In otherwise healthy patients, the major complication of a kidney stone is the potential for infection or the inability to control pain or nausea.
Can kidney stones be prevented?
By doing nothing more than keeping well hydrated and drinking adequate amounts of water, most kidney stones can be prevented. For those patients who develop kidney stones because of underlying medical conditions, the addition of diet modification or chronic medication may be helpful. It is also essential to hydrate to increase the amount of urine produced to prevent any beginning of a stone.
Tintinalli, J. E., et al. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2010.
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