"Nov. 6, 2012 -- The FDA has approved Pfizer's Xeljanz (tofacitinib), a first-of-its-kind treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.
Xeljanz is approved for use by patients not helped by methotrexate, the usual first treatment for RA. It's a "...
(anakinra) for Injection
Kineret (anakinra) is a recombinant, nonglycosylated form of the human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). Kineret differs from native human IL-1Ra in that it has the addition of a single methionine residue at its amino terminus. Kineret consists of 153 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 17.3 kilodaltons. It is produced by recombinant DNA technology using an E coli bacterial expression system.
Kineret is supplied in single use prefilled glass syringes with 27 gauge needles as a sterile, clear, colorless-to-white, preservative free solution for daily subcutaneous (SC) administration. The solution may contain trace amounts of small, translucent-to-white amorphous proteinaceous particles. Each prefilled glass syringe contains: 0.67 mL (100 mg) of anakinra in a solution (pH 6.5) containing disodium EDTA (0.12 mg), sodium chloride (5.48 mg), sodium citrate (1.29 mg), and polysorbate 80 (0.70 mg) in Water for Injection, USP.
What are the possible side effects of anakinra (Kineret)?
If you experience an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives), stop using anakinra, and seek emergency medical attention.
In rare cases, people receiving anakinra have developed serious infections. Notify your doctor immediately if you develop a fever, flu-like symptoms, or any other sign of infection.
Other less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to use anakinra and notify your doctor if you experience
- nausea or diarrhea;
- a headache;
- sinus irritation or...
What are the precautions when taking anakinra (Kineret)?
Before using anakinra, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to proteins made from a certain bacteria (E. coli); or to latex; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: recent/current infection, immune system problems (such as HIV disease), kidney disease, asthma.
Anakinra can make you more likely to get infections or may worsen any current infections. Therefore, wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infection. Avoid contact with people who have infections that may spread to others (such as chickenpox, measles,...
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/16/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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