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Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy, MD, MPH
Feb. 10, 2015 -- For years we've been told to eat a low-fat diet to protect ourselves from heart disease.
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Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.
Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP should be used with great care in patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis. The administration of lactate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.
Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP should not be administered simultaneously with blood through the same administration set because of the likelihood of coagulation. The intravenous administration of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentration of the injections. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injections.
In patients with diminished renal function, administration of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP may result in sodium or potassium retention. Lactated Ringer's injection, USP is not for use in the treatment of lactic acidosis.
Do not connect flexible plastic containers of intravenous solutions in series, i.e., do not piggyback connections. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from one container before administration of the fluid from a secondary container is completed.
Pressurizing intravenous solutions contained in flexible plastic containers to increase flow rates can result in air embolism if the residual air in the container is not fully evacuated prior to administration.
Use of a vented intravenous administration set with the vent in the open position could result in air embolism. Vented intravenous administration sets with the vent in the open position should not be used with flexible plastic containers.
Lactated Ringer's Injections, USP must be used with caution. Excess administration may result in metabolic alkalosis.
CLINICAL EVALUATION AND PERIODIC LABORATORY DETERMINATIONS ARE NECESSARY TO MONITOR CHANGES IN FLUID BALANCE, ELECTROLYTE CONCENTRATIONS, AND ACID BASE BALANCE DURING PROLONGED PARENTERAL THERAPY OR WHENEVER THE CONDITION OF THE PATIENT WARRANTS SUCH EVALUATION.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment, of Fertility
STUDIES WITH LACTATED RINGER'S INJECTION, USP HAVE NOT BEEN PERFORMED TO EVALUATE CARCINOGENIC POTENTIAL, MUTAGENIC POTENTIAL, OR EFFECTS ON FERTILITY.
Pregnancy: Teratogenic Effects
Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP. It is also not known whether Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Labor and Delivery
Studies have not been conducted to evaluate the effects of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP on labor and delivery. Caution should be exercised when administering this drug during labor and delivery.
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of electrolyte solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.
Clinical studies of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and concomitant disease or drug therapy.
This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.
Last reviewed on RxList: 10/14/2008
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Lactated Ringer's Information
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