July 26, 2016
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Laxatives For Constipation (cont.)

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What is constipation?

Constipation is a condition characterized by infrequent bowel movements that are painful or difficult, or stools that are hard in consistency. Infrequent bowel movements alone are not a reliable indicator of constipation because bowel frequency can vary between three times a day to once a week among normal individuals. Hard stools that are difficult to pass or infrequent stools accompanied by abdominal pain, back pain, and abdominal bloating define constipation.

What are the causes of constipation?

There are many causes of constipation including:

Examples of common medications that can cause constipation:

  • Narcotic pain medications: codeine (Tylenol #3), oxycodone (Percocet), hydromorphone (Dilaudid), and others
  • Antidepressants: amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep), fluoxetine (Prozac), and imipramine (Tofranil)
  • Anticonvulsants: phenytoin (Dilantin) and carbamazepine (Tegretol)
  • Iron supplements
  • Calcium channel blockers (for example, diltiazem [Cardizem] and nifedipine [Procardia])
  • Antacids (for example, aluminum hydroxide [Amphojel] and aluminum carbonate [Basaljel])
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/7/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com

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