April 25, 2017
font size


Leptospirosis

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:

Leptospirosis facts

  • Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that can occur in humans and animals worldwide.
  • A type of spiral-shaped bacterium called a spirochete, Leptospira interrogans, causes leptospirosis.
  • High risk factors for leptospirosis include close association with animals and the water and soil they may contaminate with infected urine.
  • Symptoms and signs of leptospirosis are highly variable and range from no symptoms to nonspecific symptoms including
    • high fever,
    • chills,
    • headache, and
    • abdominal symptoms to Weil's disease with organ dysfunction.
  • Diagnosis of leptospirosis is done by isolating the bacteria from the patient. Blood tests are also available.
  • There are antibiotics that are effective in treating leptospirosis.
  • Most people infected with Leptospira interrogans bacteria have a good prognosis; a few have a more guarded prognosis.
  • Vaccines are available for humans and animals in some countries. There is no vaccine available commercially for humans in the U.S. Available vaccines are limited because they usually only protect well against a single serovar. Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Oracea, Adoxa, Atridox) has been used as a short-term preventive treatment to protect some humans from leptospirosis.

What is leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis (also known as Weil's disease) is a disease caused by bacteria (Leptospira interrogans) that produce a wide range of symptoms that may occur in two phases; some patients may develop kidney or liver failure, respiratory failure, meningitis, or even death. The disease is spread by the urine of infected animals from many species, both domesticated, such as dogs and horses, and wild, such as rodents or wild pigs. The bacteria can survive in the water and soil for months. The disease is most common in temperate and tropical climates. The infecting bacteria occur worldwide, for example, in the United States, Leptospira has been found in Hawaii's freshwater ponds and waterfalls.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/12/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/leptospirosis/article.htm

Women's Health

Find out what women really need.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations