May 27, 2016

Levant Berry

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What other names is Levant Berry known by?

Anamirta cocculus, Anamirta paniculata, Coca de Levante, Cocculus, Cocculus indicus, Cocculus lacunosus, Cocculus suberosus, Coculus Fructus, Coque du Levant, Fish Berries, Fish Killer, Hockle Elderberry, Indian Berry, Levant Nut, Louseberry, Menispermum cocculus, Menispermum lacunosum, Poisonberry.

What is Levant Berry?

Levant berry is the fruit from a vine (Anamirta cocculus) that grows in Southeast Asia. The dried fruit and seeds are used to make medicine in some parts of the world. But medicinal use has been abandoned in the US and Europe due to safety concerns. However, picrotoxin, the active chemical in levant berry, is still used in research.

Some people take levant berry to treat abnormal movement of the eyeball and dizziness. Picrotoxin that is taken from levant berry seeds is used for epilepsy, night sweats, and as a stimulant.

Some people apply levant berry powder directly to the skin to treat a skin disease called scabies.

In India, levant berry leaves are inhaled as snuff to relieve malaria. Whole fruits are used for paralyzing fish and killing birds or dogs. Jungle tribes apply picrotoxin taken from the seeds to arrow tips for hunting. Picrotoxin used to be used to paralyze fish in the fishing industry. Extracts are applied to the skin for treating lice.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Abnormal movements of the eyeball.
  • Dizziness.
  • Night sweats.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Use as a stimulant.
  • Scabies, when a powder is applied to the skin.
  • Lice, when extracts are applied to the skin.
  • Malaria, when the leaves are inhaled.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of levant berry for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).


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