- Lichen sclerosus facts*
- What is lichen sclerosus?
- Who gets lichen sclerosus?
- What are lichen sclerosus symptoms and signs?
- What causes lichen sclerosus?
- How is lichen sclerosus diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for lichen sclerosus?
- Can people with lichen sclerosus have sex?
- Is lichen sclerosus related to cancer?
- What kind of doctor treats lichen sclerosus?
- Where can I find more information about lichen sclerosus?
- Find a local Dermatologist in your town
*Lichen sclerosus facts
*Lichen sclerosus facts author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
- Lichen sclerosus is a long-term problem of the skin that mostly affects the genital and perianal areas.
- Lichen sclerosus is most commonly seen in post-menopausal women. It is uncommon in men and children.
- Symptoms of lichen sclerosus include small white, shiny, smooth spots on the skin that grow into bigger plaques that become thin and crinkled. The skin may tear easily, and bright red or purple bruises are common. There may also be itching, bleeding, and blisters.
- The cause of lichen sclerosus is unknown but may be the result of an overactive immune system and hormone problems.
- Lichen sclerosus is not contagious.
- Lesions from lichen sclerosys on the arms or upper body usually go away without treatment. If lesions appear on the genitals, treatment for women involves topical prescription-strength steroid cream or ointment.
- Skin scarred by lichen sclerosus is somewhat more likely to develop skin cancer.
What is lichen sclerosus?
Lichen sclerosus is a long-term problem of the skin. It mostly affects the genital and perianal areas. Sometimes, lichen sclerosus appears on the upper body, breasts, and upper arms.
Who gets lichen sclerosus?
Lichen sclerosus appears in:
- Women (often after menopause)
- Men (uncommon)
- Children (rare).
What are the symptoms?
Early in the disease, small white spots appear on the skin. The spots are usually shiny and smooth. Later, the spots grow into bigger plaques. The skin on the plaques becomes thin and crinkled. Then, the skin may tear easily, and bright red or purple bruises are common. Sometimes, the skin becomes scarred. If the disease is a mild case, there may be no symptoms.
Other symptoms are:
- Itching (very common)
- Discomfort or pain
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