Loeys-Dietz Syndrome (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- What is Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
- What are the signs and symptoms of Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
- Is Loeys-Dietz syndrome inherited?
- What causes Loeys-Dietz syndrome?
- How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome diagnosed?
- How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome treated?
- Loeys-Dietz At A Glance
How is Loeys-Dietz syndrome treated?
The only treatment for Loeys-Dietz syndrome to prolong life expectancy is surgical repair of the aortic aneurysm. Surgical repair of the aneurysms is generally successful. Since the aneurysms tend to rupture early, early and accurate diagnosis is critical to ensure that affected individuals receive prompt surgical treatment. The genetic test can be of value in identifying which individuals with aortic aneurysms have Loeys-Dietz syndrome, and therefore, should have immediate surgery. In contrast to Loeys-Dietz syndrome, in other inherited syndromes associated with aortic aneurysms, surgery carries a poorer prognosis, and the aneurysms can be managed with medications for a longer period of time before surgery becomes necessary. Studies are ongoing to determine whether drug treatment of the Loeys-Dietz syndrome also may be of value.
At the time of diagnosis, imaging studies of the aorta are recommended and should be repeated after 6 months to determine if aortic enlargement is occurring. If the diameter of the aorta is not enlarging, yearly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from the of the circulation from the barin to the pelvis are recommended, since affected persons commonly develop aneurysms that are treatable surgically.
Loeys-Dietz Syndrome At A Glance
- Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a recently-described connective tissue disorder
that predisposes to the development of aortic aneurysms and other connective
- Loeys-Dietz syndrome is known to be a result of mutations in the
TGF-beta-receptor I (TGFBR1) or II (TGFBR2) genes and is inherited in an
autosomal dominant manner.
- Genetic testing is performed to identify the mutation and establish the
diagnosis, while imaging studies are required for evaluation of potential
- Surgery to repair aortic aneurysms is essential for treatment because the aneurysms of Loeys-Dietz syndrome tend to rupture early.
Hiratzka, LF, Bakris, GL, Beckman, JA, et al. 2010 ACCF/AHA/AATS/ACR/ASA/SCA/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Thoracic Aortic Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American College of Radiology, American Stroke Association, Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Interventional Radiology, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and Society for Vascular Medicine. Circulation 2010; 121:e266.
Loeys BL et al. New England Journal of Medicine, 2006 Aug 24;355(8):788-98.; National Genetics, 2005 Mar;37(3):275-81.
Last Editorial Review: 9/3/2010
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