May 31, 2016

Lump or Mass on Gums

MedicineNet - Lump or Mass on Gums

Lump or Mass on Gums Symptoms & Signs

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Symptoms & Signs

The presence of a lump, or mass, on the gums can be indicative of several different conditions. It may be felt as a bump or hard or soft lump anywhere on the gums. An infection, such as a bacterial infection or localized abscess, can present as a mass on the gums. Oral cancers (gum or mouth cancer) or tumors of the teeth or jaw are rarer causes of a mass on the gums. A cyst of the jaw is also a possible cause of a lump or mass on the gums. Traumatic injuries and canker sores are some of the more common causes of a mass on the gums. Sometimes, the hormonal changes of pregnancy can cause a small lump or bump to form near the gum line, known as a pyogenic granuloma or granuloma gravidarum.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/11/2015

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REFERENCES:

Longo, D.L., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.

Goldman, Kim E. "Mandibular Cysts and Odontogenic Tumors." eMedicine.com. Mar. 11, 2015. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/852734-overview>.

Stephen, James M. "Gingivitis." eMedicine.com. Dec. 31, 2014. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/763801-overview>.

Causes of Lump or Mass on Gums
    • Abscessed Tooth An abscessed tooth is an infection within a tooth that has spread to the root. Symptoms of an abscessed tooth may include pain,...learn more »
    • Boils (Skin Abscesses) A boil is a skin abscess, a collection of pus localized deep in the skin. There are several different types of boils. Among them...learn more »
    • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
    • Cyst Cysts are sac-like structures that may be filled with gas, liquid, or solid materials. Cysts may produce symptoms depending on...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cyst Article
      • Cyst facts
      • What is a cyst?
      • What causes a cyst?
      • What are the different types of cysts?
      • What are risk factors for a cyst?
      • What are cyst symptoms and signs?
      • How do physicians diagnose a cyst?
      • What is the treatment for a cyst?
      • What are home remedies for cysts?
      • What is the prognosis of a cyst?
      • Is it possible to prevent a cyst?
    • Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) Gardners' syndrome, or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), is an inherited condition in which cancer of the colon and rectum...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gardner's Syndrome (Familial Adenomatous Polyposis) Article
      • What is familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • How common is familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • What genes are related to familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • How do people inherit familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • Where can I find information about treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis?
      • What other names do people use for familial adenomatous polyposis?
    • Gum Disease Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gum Disease Article
      • What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
      • What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontal disease?
      • What causes gum disease?
      • Does gum disease cause bad breath?
      • What does gum disease look like? What are gum disease symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose gum disease?
      • What is the treatment for gum disease?
      • What types of specialists treat gum disease?
      • What types of medication are used to treat gum disease?
      • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for gum disease?
      • Is it possible to reverse gum disease?
      • Is gum disease associated with other health problems?
      • How is gum disease managed in children?
      • How is gum disease managed in pregnancy?
      • Is it possible to prevent gum disease?
      • What is the best toothpaste to use to prevent gum disease?
      • Is gum disease contagious?
    • Gum Problems Gum problems may be caused by improper brushing and flossing, gum disease, canker sores, treatments and hormonal changes....learn more »
      In This Article
      Gum Problems Article
      • Gum health introduction
      • What are common gum problems?
      • What causes gum problems?
      • What are the risk factors for gum problems?
      • What are signs and symptoms of gum problems?
      • How are gum problems diagnosed?
      • Can gum problems be a sign of something serious?
      • What is the treatment for gum problems? What are home remedies for gum problems?
      • What are the complications with gum problems?
      • What is the prognosis for gum problems?
      • What is the best way to care for your gums?
      • Is it possible to prevent gum problems?
    • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
      In This Article
      Oral Cancer Article
      • Oral cancer facts*
      • What is the oral cavity?
      • What is cancer?
      • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
      • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
      • How is oral cancer treated?
      • Methods of treatment
      • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
      • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
      • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
      • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
    • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
      • Pregnancy facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
      • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
      • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
      • How will my baby develop week by week?
      • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimester of her pregnancy?
      • Body aches
      • Breast changes
      • Constipation
      • Dizziness
      • Fatigue, sleep problems
      • Heartburn and indigestion
      • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
      • Itching
      • Leg cramps
      • Morning sickness
      • Nasal problems
      • Numb or tingling hands
      • Stretch marks, skin changes
      • Swelling
      • Urinary frequency and leaking
      • Varicose veins
Other Causes of Lump or Mass on Gums
  • Abscess
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Congenital Gingival Epulis
  • Excessively Hard Toothbrushing
  • Gingival Granular Cell Tumor
  • Medications
  • Odontogenic Keratocyst
  • Odontoma
  • Poorly Fitting Dentures
  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Pyogenic Granuloma
  • Trauma to the Mouth and/or Gums


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