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Serious ill effects have not been reported following acute ingestion of large doses of oral contraceptives by young children. Overdosage may cause nausea, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in females.
Noncontraceptive Health Benefits
The following noncontraceptive health benefits related to the use of oral contraceptives are supported by epidemiological studies which largely utilized oral-contraceptive formulations containing doses exceeding 0.035 mg of ethinyl estradiol or 0.05 mg of mestranol.
Effects on menses
Â· Increased menstrual cycle regularity
Â· Decreased incidence of dysmenorrhea
Effects related to inhibition of ovulation:
Â· Decreased incidence of ectopic pregnancies
Effects from long-term use:
Â· Decreased incidence of fibroadenomas and fibrocystic disease of the breast
Â· Decreased incidence of acute pelvic inflammatory disease
Â· Decreased incidence of endometrial cancer
Â· Decreased incidence of ovarian cancer
Oral contraceptives should not be used in women with any of the following conditions:
Â· Thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders
Â· A past history of deep-vein thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders
Â· Known or suspected carcinoma of the breast
Â· Hepatic adenomas or carcinomas
Â· Known or suspected pregnancy
Last reviewed on RxList: 5/16/2006
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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